84000 Glossary of Terms

Our trilingual glossary combining entries from all of our publications into one useful resource, giving translations and definitions of thousands of terms, people, places, and texts from the Buddhist canon.

བྱང་ཆུབ་སེམས་དཔའ། | Glossary of Terms

    བྱང་ཆུབ་སེམས་དཔའ།

    byang chub sems dpa’

    bodhisattva

  • Term
Publications: 25

A being who is dedicated to the cultivation and fulfilment of the altruistic intention to attain perfect buddhahood, traversing the five bodhisattva paths and ten bodhisattva levels. Bodhisattvas purposely opt to remain within cyclic existence in order to liberate all sentient beings, instead of simply seeking personal freedom from suffering. In terms of the view, they realize the two aspects of selflessness, with respect to afflicted mental states and the nature of all phenomena.

Translation by Gyurme Dorje
  • Bodhisattva
  • བྱང་ཆུབ་སེམས་དཔའ།
  • byang chub sems dpa’
  • bodhi­sattva

A being who is dedicated to the cultivation and fulfilment of the altruistic intention to attain manifestly perfect buddhahood, traversing the five bodhisattva paths and ten bodhisattva levels. Bodhisattvas purposely opt to remain within cyclic existence in order to liberate all sentient beings, instead of simply seeking personal freedom from suffering. Philosophically, they realize the two aspects of selflessness, with respect to afflicted mental states and the nature of all phenomena.

(See also UT22084-031-002-142.)

Translation by Peter Alan Roberts
  • Bodhisattva
  • བྱང་ཆུབ་སེམས་དཔའ།
  • byang chub sems dpa’
  • bodhisattva

A person who is dedicated not merely to attaining liberation through attaining the state of an arhat, but to becoming a buddha.

Translation by Timothy Hinkle
  • Bodhisattva
  • བྱང་ཆུབ་སེམས་དཔའ།
  • byang chub sems dpa’
  • bodhisattva
  • 菩薩

One who practices according to the Vehicle of the Bodhisattvas, aiming at complete buddhahood; “awakening hero,” “one who has a wish for awakening,” “one who awakens sentient beings.”

Translation by Klaus-Dieter Mathes · Julika Weber · Katrin Querl · Konstantin Brockhausen · Susanne Fleischmann · Daniel Gratzer · Georgi Krastev · Jamie Gordon Creek
  • Bodhisattva
  • བྱང་ཆུབ་སེམས་དཔའ།
  • byang chub sems dpa’
  • bodhisattva

A being who is dedicated to the cultivation and fulfilment of the altruistic intention to attain manifestly perfect buddhahood, traversing the five bodhisattva paths and ten bodhisattva levels. Bodhisattvas purposely opt to remain within saṃsāra to liberate all sentient beings, instead of simply seeking personal freedom from suffering. Philosophically, they realize the two aspects of selflessness, with respect to afflicted mental states and the nature of all phenomena.

Translation by Jake Nagasawa · ErdeneBaatar Erdene-Ochir · Jaakko Takkinen
  • Bodhisattva
  • བྱང་ཆུབ་སེམས་དཔའ།
  • byang chub sems dpa’
  • bodhisattva

Literally, “awakening being”; a being on the path to awakening who has generated bodhicitta for the benefit of all beings.

Translation by Mattia Salvini
  • Bodhisattva
  • བྱང་ཆུབ་སེམས་དཔའ།
  • byang chub sems dpa’
  • bodhisattva

Someone who practices according to the Vehicle of the Bodhisattvas; one who aims for complete buddhahood; “awakening hero;” “one who has a wish for awakening;” “one who awakens sentient beings.”

Translation by Peter Alan Roberts
  • Bodhisattva
  • བྱང་ཆུབ་སེམས་དཔའ།
  • byang chub sems dpa’
  • bodhisattva

A person who is dedicated not merely to gaining liberation through attaining the state of an arhat, but to becoming a buddha. A name created from the Sanskritization of the middle-Indic bodhisatto, the Sanskrit equivalent of which was bodhisakta, “one who is fixed on enlightenment.”

Translation by Julia Stenzel · Ngawang Rinchen Gyaltsen · Tsewang Gyaltsen
  • Bodhisattva
  • བྱང་ཆུབ་སེམས་དཔའ།
  • byang chub sems dpa’
  • bodhi­sattva

Someone who has the intent to achieve full enlightenment for the benefit of sentient beings.

Translation by Peter Alan Roberts
  • Bodhisattva
  • བྱང་ཆུབ་སེམས་དཔའ།
  • byang chub sems dpa’
  • bodhisattva

A person who is dedicated not merely to attaining liberation through attaining the state of an arhat, but to becoming a buddha. A name created from the Sanskritization of the middle-Indic bodhisatto, the Sanskrit equivalent of which was bodhisakta, “one who is fixed on enlightenment.”

Translation by Peter Alan Roberts
  • Bodhisattva
  • བྱང་ཆུབ་སེམས་དཔའ།
  • byang chub sems dpa’
  • bodhisattva
  • buddhaputra

A person who is dedicated not merely to attaining liberation through attaining the state of an arhat, but to becoming a buddha. A name created from the Sanskritization of the middle-Indic bodhisatto, the Sanskrit equivalent of which was bodhisakta, “one who is fixed on enlightenment.”

Translation by Wiesiek Mical · Timothy Hinkle
  • Bodhisattva
  • བྱང་ཆུབ་སེམས་དཔའ།
  • byang chub sems dpa’
  • bodhisattva

A practitioner who, motivated by altruistic feelings, vows not to enter nirvāṇa until each and every being has been liberated first.

Translation by Giuliano Proença · Leticia Osorio
  • Bodhisattva
  • བྱང་ཆུབ་སེམས་དཔའ།
  • byang chub sems dpa’
  • bodhisattva

A being who is dedicated to the cultivation and fulfillment of the intention to attain perfect buddhahood for the benefit of all sentient beings.

Translation by Gyurmé Avertin
  • Bodhisattva
  • བྱང་ཆུབ་སེམས་དཔའ།
  • byang chub sems dpa’
  • bodhisattva

A person who is dedicated not merely to gaining liberation through attaining the state of an arhat, but to becoming a buddha. A name created from the Sanskritization of the Middle-Indic bodhisatto, the Sanskrit equivalent of which was bodhisakta (“one who is set on awakening”). Some contemporary scholars maintain that the word derives from bodhisatvan (“warrior of awakening”).

Translation by Khenpo Konchok Tamphel
  • Bodhisattva
  • བྱང་ཆུབ་སེམས་དཔའ།
  • byang chub sems dpa’
  • bodhisattva

A being who is dedicated to the cultivation and fulfilment of the altruistic intention to attain spiritual awakening, traversing the five bodhisattva paths and ten bodhisattva levels. Bodhisattvas purposely opt to remain within saṃsāra to liberate all sentient beings, instead of simply seeking personal freedom from suffering. Philosophically, they realize the two aspects of selflessness, namely, the nonexistence of any individuating principle (self) in persons and phenomena.

Translation by Robert A. F. Thurman
  • Bodhisattva
  • བྱང་ཆུབ་སེམས་དཔའ།
  • byang chub sems dpa’
  • bodhisattva

A living being who has produced the spirit of enlightenment in himself and whose constant dedication, lifetime after lifetime, is to attain the unexcelled, perfect enlightenment of Buddhahood.

Translation by Zachary Beer
  • Bodhisattva
  • བྱང་ཆུབ་སེམས་དཔའ།
  • byang chub sems dpa’
  • bodhisattva

Someone who practices according to the Vehicle of the Bodhisattvas and who aspires to attain complete buddhahood.

Translation by Jampa Tenzin · Ngawang Tenzin · Christian Bernert · Julia C. Stenzel
  • Bodhisattva
  • བྱང་ཆུབ་སེམས་དཔའ།
  • byang chub sems dpa’
  • bodhi­sattva
Translation by Rolf Scheuermann · Casey Kemp
  • Bodhisattva
  • བྱང་ཆུབ་སེམས་དཔའ།
  • byang chub sems dpa’
  • bodhisattva

According to the Mahāyāna, an individual with the intent to achieve awakening for the sake of all beings.

Translation by Zsuzsa Majer
  • Bodhisattva
  • བྱང་ཆུབ་སེམས་དཔའ།
  • byang chub sems dpa’
  • bodhisattva

Someone who vows to achieve the complete enlightenment of a buddha for the benefit of all sentient beings.

Translation by Annie Bien
  • Bodhisattva
  • བྱང་ཆུབ་སེམས་དཔའ།
  • byang chub sems dpa’
  • bodhisattva

One dedicated to perfect awakening in order to liberate all living beings.

Translation by Mattia Salvini
  • Bodhisattva
  • བྱང་ཆུབ་སེམས་དཔའ།
  • byang chub sems dpa’
  • bodhisattva
  • bodhisatva

Someone who practices according to the vehicle of the bodhisattvas, those who aim at complete buddhahood; the term is explained as “awakening hero,” “one who has a wish for awakening,” or also “one who awakens sentient beings.”

Translation by Wiesiek Mical
  • Bodhisattva
  • བྱང་ཆུབ་སེམས་དཔའ།
  • byang chub sems dpa’
  • bodhisattva

A person/being (sattva) who has vowed to attain awakening (bodhi) in order to free all beings from cyclic existence.

Translation by Peter Alan Roberts
  • Bodhisattva
  • བྱང་ཆུབ་སེམས་དཔའ།
  • byang chub sems dpa’
  • bodhisattva

A person who is dedicated not merely to attaining liberation through attaining the state of an arhat, but to becoming a buddha. The designation was created through the Sanskritization of the Middle Indic bodhisatto, the Sanskrit equivalent of which might actually have been bodhisakta, “one who is fixed on enlightenment.”

Translation by Peter Alan Roberts
  • Bodhisattva
  • བྱང་ཆུབ་སེམས་དཔའ།
  • byang chub sems dpa’
  • bodhisattva

A person who is dedicated not merely to attaining liberation through attaining the state of an arhat, but to becoming a buddha. The designation was created through the Sanskritization of the Middle Indic bodhisatto, the Sanskrit equivalent of which might actually have been bodhisakta, “one who is fixed on enlightenment.”

Tantra Text Warning

Warning: Readers are reminded that according to Vajrayāna Buddhist tradition there are restrictions and commitments concerning tantra. Practitioners who are not sure if they should read this translation are advised to consult the authorities of their lineage. The responsibility for reading this text or sharing it with others who may or may not fulfill the requirements lies in the hands of readers.

Translation by Wiesiek Mical · Anna Zilman · Andreas Doctor
  • Bodhisattva
  • བྱང་ཆུབ་སེམས་དཔའ།
  • byang chub sems dpa’
  • bodhisattva

A fully or partially realized being who delays their own nirvāṇa to first liberate all sentient beings.