84000 Glossary of Terms

Our trilingual glossary combining entries from all of our publications into one useful resource, giving translations and definitions of thousands of terms, people, places, and texts from the Buddhist canon.

རྣམ་ཐོས་ཀྱི་བུ། | Glossary of Terms

    རྣམ་ཐོས་ཀྱི་བུ།

    rnam thos kyi bu

    Vaiśravaṇa

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Publications: 22
Translation by Fumi Yao
  • Vaiśravaṇa
  • རྣམ་ཐོས་ཀྱི་བུ།
  • rnam thos kyi bu
  • Vaiśravaṇa

One of the Four Great Kings and god of wealth.

Translation by Benjamin Collet-Cassart
  • Vaiśravaṇa
  • རྣམ་ཐོས་བུ།
  • rnam thos bu
  • Vaiśravaṇa

One of the Four Great Kings, he presides over the northern quarter and rules over the yakṣas. He is also known as Kubera.

Translation by Timothy Hinkle
  • Vaiśravaṇa
  • རྣམ་ཐོས་ཀྱི་བུ།
  • rnam thos kyi bu
  • Vaiśravaṇa

One of the Four Great Kings, he presides over the northern quarter and rules over the yakṣas. He is also known as Kubera.

Translation by Catherine Dalton · Heidi Koppl · James Gentry · Cortland Dahl · Hilary Herdman · Andreas Doctor
  • Vaiśravaṇa
  • རྣམ་ཐོས་ཀྱི་བུ།
  • rnam thos kyi bu
  • Vaiśravaṇa
Translation by Jens Erland Braarvig
  • Vaiśravaṇa
  • རྣམ་ཐོས་ཀྱི་བུ།
  • rnam thos kyi bu
  • Vaiśravaṇa

One of the four great guardian kings, he presides over the northern direction and rules over the yakṣas.

Translation by Peter Alan Roberts
  • Vaiśravaṇa
  • རྣམ་ཐོས་ཀྱི་བུ།
  • མཆོག་གི་གཟུགས།
  • rnam thos kyi bu
  • mchog gi gzugs
  • Vaiśravaṇa

As one of the four mahārājas, he is the lord of the northern region of the world and the northern continent, though in early Buddhism he is the lord of the far north of India and beyond. He is also the lord of the yakṣas and a lord of wealth.

Translation by Peter Alan Roberts
  • Vaiśravaṇa
  • རྣམ་ཐོས་ཀྱི་བུ།
  • rnam thos kyi bu
  • Vaiśravaṇa

As one of the four mahārājas, he is the lord of the northern region of the world and the northern continent, though in early Buddhism he is the lord of the far north of India and beyond. He is also the lord of the yakṣas and a lord of wealth.

Translation by Wiesiek Mical · Timothy Hinkle
  • Vaiśravaṇa
  • རྣམ་ཐོས་ཀྱི་བུ།
  • rnam thos kyi bu
  • Vaiśravaṇa

One of the Four Great Kings; a god of wealth.

Translation by Timothy Hinkle
  • Vaiśravaṇa
  • རྣམ་ཐོས་ཀྱི་བུ།
  • rnam thos kyi bu
  • Vaiśravaṇa

One of the Four Great Kings.

Translation by Gyurmé Avertin
  • Vaiśravaṇa
  • རྣམ་ཐོས་ཀྱི་བུ།
  • rnam thos kyi bu
  • Vaiśravaṇa

One of the Four Great Kings, or guardians of the world, he presides over the northern quarter and rules over the yakṣas that live there. He is also known as Kubera.

Translation by Benjamin Collet-Cassart
  • Vaiśravaṇa
  • རྣམ་ཐོས་ཀྱི་བུ།
  • rnam thos kyi bu
  • Vaiśravaṇa

One of the four great kings, also known as Kubera.

Translation by Karen Liljenberg · Ulrich Pagel
  • Vaiśravaṇa
  • རྣམ་ཐོས་ཀྱི་བུ།
  • rnam thos kyi bu
  • Vaiśravaṇa

One of the Four Great Kings, the protector of the north.

Translation by Jampa Tenzin · Ngawang Tenzin · Christian Bernert · Julia C. Stenzel
  • Vaiśravaṇa
  • རྣམ་ཐོས་ཀྱི་བུ།
  • rnam thos kyi bu
  • Vaiśravaṇa

One of the Four Great Kings, he presides over the northern quarter and rules over the yakṣas. He is also known as Kubera.

Translation by Laura Dainty
  • Vaiśravaṇa
  • རྣམ་ཐོས་ཀྱི་བུ།
  • རྣམ་ཐོས་སྲས།
  • rnam thos kyi bu
  • rnam thos sras
  • Vaiśravaṇa

One of the four great guardian kings, he presides over the northern quarter and rules over the yakṣas. He is also known as Kubera.

Tantra Text Warning

Warning: Readers are reminded that according to Vajrayāna Buddhist tradition there are restrictions and commitments concerning tantra. Practitioners who are not sure if they should read this translation are advised to consult the authorities of their lineage. The responsibility for reading this text or sharing it with others who may or may not fulfill the requirements lies in the hands of readers.

Translation by Catherine Dalton · Andreas Doctor · Ryan Damron · Wiesiek Mical
  • Vaiśravaṇa
  • རྣམ་ཐོས་བུ།
  • rnam thos bu
  • Vaiśravaṇa

A yakṣa.

Translation by David Gitlen
  • Vaiśravaṇa
  • རྣམ་ཐོས་ཀྱི་བུ།
  • rnam thos kyi bu
  • Vaiśravaṇa

The “Son of Viśrava (Completely Renowned),” guardian of the northern direction. He and his father are both also referred to as Kubera, and he is also known as Jambhala. He rules over spirits called guhyakas (literally “secret/hidden ones”), described in various capacities, giving rise to his epithet Guhyakādhipati, “Lord of the Guhyakas.”

Translation by Wiesiek Mical
  • Vaiśravaṇa
  • རྣམ་ཐོས།
  • rnam thos
  • Vaiśravaṇa

Another name of Kubera.

Tantra Text Warning

Warning: Readers are reminded that according to Vajrayāna Buddhist tradition there are restrictions and commitments concerning tantra. Practitioners who are not sure if they should read this translation are advised to consult the authorities of their lineage. The responsibility for reading this text or sharing it with others who may or may not fulfill the requirements lies in the hands of readers.

Translation by Wiesiek Mical
  • Vaiśravaṇa
  • Vaiśravaṇa

One of the eight great yakṣas who form the retinue of Jambhala.

Translation by James Gentry
  • Vaiśravaṇa
  • རྣམ་ཐོས་ཀྱི་བུ།
  • rnam thos kyi bu
  • Vaiśravaṇa

One of the “four great kings, guardians of the world,” he is held to dwell in the north, presiding over the yakṣa spirits that live there.

Tantra Text Warning

Warning: Readers are reminded that according to Vajrayāna Buddhist tradition there are restrictions and commitments concerning tantra. Practitioners who are not sure if they should read this translation are advised to consult the authorities of their lineage. The responsibility for reading this text or sharing it with others who may or may not fulfill the requirements lies in the hands of readers.

Translation by Wiesiek Mical · Anna Zilman · Andreas Doctor
  • Vaiśravaṇa
  • རྣམ་ཐོས།
  • rnam thos
  • Vaiśravaṇa

The yakṣa god of wealth and one of the Four Great Kings.

  • Vaiśravaṇa
  • རྣམ་ཐོས།
  • rnam thos
  • Vaiśravaṇa

Another name for Kubera, king of the yakṣas. Among the four great kings who preside over the directions, Vaiśravaṇa is the king in the north.

Translation by Adam Krug
  • Vaiśravaṇa
  • རྣམ་ཐོས་བུ།
  • rnam thos bu
  • Vaiśravaṇa

One of the eight guardians of the directions, Vaiśravaṇa guards the northern quarter. Also known as Kubera.