84000 Glossary of Terms

Our trilingual glossary combining entries from all of our publications into one useful resource, giving translations and definitions of thousands of terms, people, places, and texts from the Buddhist canon.

སེམས་ཅན་དམྱལ་བ། | Glossary of Terms

    སེམས་ཅན་དམྱལ་བ།

    sems can dmyal ba

    naraka

  • Term
Publications: 8

One of the five or six classes of sentient beings. Birth in hell is considered to be the karmic fruition of past anger and harmful actions. According to Buddhist tradition there are eighteen different hells, namely eight hot hells and eight cold hells, as well as neighboring and ephemeral hells, all of them tormented by increasing levels of unimaginable suffering.

Translation by Gregory Forgues
  • Hell being
  • དམྱལ་བ་པ།
  • dmyal ba pa
  • nāraka

Type of being in Buddhist cosmogony.

Translation by Timothy Hinkle · Ryan Damron · Dr. Andreas Doctor
  • Hell being
  • དམྱལ་བ་པ།
  • dmyal ba pa
  • nāraka

One of the five or six classes of sentient beings, considered to be the karmic fruition of past anger and harmful actions. According to Buddhist tradtion there are eighteen different hells, namely eight hot hells, eight cold hells, neighbouring and ephemeral hells, all of them tormented by increasing levels of unimaginable suffering.

Translation by Timothy Hinkle
  • Hell being
  • སེམས་ཅན་དམྱལ་བ།
  • sems can dmyal ba
  • naraka

One of the five or six classes of sentient beings, engendered by anger and powerful negative actions. They are dominated by great suffering and said to dwell in eight different hells with specific caracteristics.

Translation by David Jackson
  • Hell being
  • སེམས་ཅན་དམྱལ་བ།
  • sems can dmyal ba
  • naraka

One of the five or six classes of beings, engendered by anger and powerful negative actions. They are dominated by great suffering and said to dwell in different hells with specific characteristics.

Translation by Dr. Thomas Doctor · Timothy Hinkle · Benjamin Collet-Cassart
  • Hell being
  • སེམས་ཅན་དམྱལ་བ།
  • sems can dmyal ba
  • naraka

One of the five or six classes of sentient beings, engendered by anger and powerful negative actions. They are dominated by great suffering and said to dwell in different hells with specific characteristics.

Translation by Bruno Galasek-Hul
  • Hell being
  • སེམས་ཅན་དམྱལ་བ།
  • sems can dmyal ba
  • naraka

One of the five or six classes of sentient beings, hell beings are engendered by anger and powerful negative actions. They are dominated by great suffering and said to dwell in eight different hells, each with specific characteristics.

Translation by Thomas Cruijsen
  • Hell being
  • དམྱལ་བ།
  • dmyal ba
  • naraka

One of the three unfortunate rebirths, below that of hungry ghosts and animals.

Tantra Text Warning

Warning: Readers are reminded that according to Vajrayāna Buddhist tradition there are restrictions and commitments concerning tantra. Practitioners who are not sure if they should read this translation are advised to consult the authorities of their lineage. The responsibility for reading this text or sharing it with others who may or may not fulfill the requirements lies in the hands of readers.

Translation by Wiesiek Mical
  • Hell being
  • དམྱལ་བ་པ།
  • dmyal ba pa
  • nāraka