84000 Glossary of Terms

Our trilingual glossary combining entries from all of our publications into one useful resource, giving translations and definitions of thousands of terms, people, places, and texts from the Buddhist canon.

བཱ་ར་ཎཱ་སི། | Glossary of Terms

    བཱ་ར་ཎཱ་སི།

    bA ra NA si

    Vārāṇasī

  • Place
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Publications: 21

Also known as Benares, one of the oldest cities of northeast India on the banks of the Ganges, in modern-day Uttar Pradesh. It was once the capital of the ancient kingdom of Kāśi, and in the Buddha’s time it had been absorbed into the kingdom of Kośala. It was an important religious center, as well as a major city, even during the time of the Buddha. The name may derive from being where the Varuna and Assi rivers flow into the Ganges. It was on the outskirts of Vārāṇasī that the Buddha first taught the Dharma, in the location known as Deer Park (Mṛgadāva). For numerous episodes set in Vārāṇasī, including its kings, see The Hundred Deeds, Toh 340.

Translation by Robert Miller
  • Vārāṇasī
  • ཝཱ་རཱ་ཎ་སཱི།
  • wA rA Na sI
  • Vārāṇasī

A holy city on the banks of the Gaṇgā in modern day Uttar Pradesh.

Translation by Fumi Yao
  • Vārāṇasī
  • བཱ་རཱ་ཎ་སཱི།
  • bA rA Na sI
  • Vārāṇasī

The capital city of Kāśi.

Translation by Benjamin Collet-Cassart · Nika Jovic
  • Vārāṇasī
  • བཱ་ར་ཎཱ་སི།
  • bA ra NA si
  • Vārāṇasī
  • 波羅奈

City in northern India where the Buddha first taught the Dharma.

Translation by Tulku Sherdor · Virginia Blum
  • Vārāṇasī
  • བ་ར་ན་སི།
  • ba ra na si
  • Vārāṇasī

An ancient city in North India on the outskirts of which the Buddha first taught the Dharma.

Translation by Catherine Dalton · Heidi Koppl · James Gentry · Cortland Dahl · Hilary Herdman · Andreas Doctor
  • Vārāṇasī
  • བཱ་རཱ་ཎ་སཱི།
  • bA rA Na sI
  • Vārāṇasī
Translation by Gregory Forgues
  • Vārāṇasī
  • བཱ་རཱ་ཎ་སཱི།
  • bA rA Na sI
  • Vārāṇasī
Translation by Peter Alan Roberts
  • Vārāṇasī
  • བཱ་རཱ་ན་སཱི།
  • bA rA na sI
  • Vārāṇasī

Also known as Benares, the oldest city of northeast India in the Gangetic plain. It was once the capital of its own small kingdom and was known by various names. It was an important religious center, as well as a major city in India, even during the time of the Buddha. The name may derive from being where the Varuna and Assi rivers flow into the Ganges.

Translation by Peter Alan Roberts
  • Vārāṇasī
  • ཁོར་མོར་འཇིགས།
  • khor mor ’jigs
  • Vārāṇasī

Also known as Benares, the oldest city of northeast India in the Gangetic plain. It was once the capital of its own small kingdom and was known by various names. It was an important religious center, as well as a major city in India, even during the time of the Buddha. The name may derive from being where the Varuna and Assi rivers flow into the Ganges.

Translation by Timothy Hinkle
  • Vārāṇasī
  • བཱ་རཱ་ཎ་སཱི།
  • bA rA Na sI
  • Vārāṇasī

City in North India where the Buddha first taught the Dharma.

Translation by Dr. Anne Burchardi · Tulku Dakpa Rinpoche · Dr. Ulrich Pagel
  • Vārāṇasī
  • བཱ་རཱ་ཎ་སཱི།
  • bA rA Na sI
  • Vārāṇasī

Also known as Benares, the oldest city of northeast India in the Gangetic plain. It was once the capital of its own small kingdom and was known by various names. It was an important religious center, as well as a major city in India, even during the time of the Buddha. The name may derive from being the place where the Varuna and Assi rivers flow into the Ganges.

Translation by Timothy Hinkle
  • Vārāṇasī
  • བཱ་རཱ་ཎ་སཱི།
  • bA rA Na sI
  • vārāṇasī

An ancient city in North India close to which the Buddha first taught the Dharma.

Translation by Timothy Hinkle
  • Vārāṇasī
  • བཱ་རཱ་ཎ་སཱི།
  • bA rA Na sI
  • Vārāṇasī

The city where the Buddha first turned the wheel of Dharma.

Translation by Benjamin Collet-Cassart
  • Vārāṇasī
  • འཁོར་མོ་འཇིག
  • ’khor mo ’jig
  • Vārāṇasī

City where Buddha Śākyamuni gave his first teaching.

Translation by Khenpo Konchok Tamphel
  • Vārāṇasī
  • བཱ་རཱ་ཎ་སཱི།
  • bA rA Na sI
  • Vārāṇasī

An ancient city in North India on the outskirts of which the Buddha first taught the Dharma.

Translation by Gregory Forgues · Rolf Scheuermann
  • Vārāṇasī
  • བཱ་རཱ་ན་སཱི།
  • bA rA na sI
  • vārāṇasī
Translation by Lowell Cook
  • Vārāṇasī
  • བ་ར་ནི།
  • ba ra ni
  • Vārāṇasī
  • 波羅捺
Translation by Karen Liljenberg · Ulrich Pagel
  • Vārāṇasī
  • བཱ་རཱ་ཎ་སཱི།
  • bA rA Na sI
  • Vārāṇasī

A holy city on the banks of the Gaṅgā in modern-day Uttar Pradesh. Nearby is Sarnath, the location of Śākyamuni’s first teaching.

Translation by Benjamin Collet-Cassart
  • Vārāṇasī
  • བཱ་ར་ཎཱ་སི།
  • ཡུལ་ཀ་ཤི།
  • bA ra NA si
  • yul ka shi
  • Vārāṇasī

City in North India where the Buddha Śākyamuni first taught the Dharma.

Translation by Dr. Thomas Doctor · Timothy Hinkle · Benjamin Collet-Cassart
  • Vārāṇasī
  • བཱ་རཱ་ཎ་སཱི།
  • bA rA Na sI
  • Vārāṇasī

A city in North India, on the banks of the Gaṅgā, where the Buddha gave his first sermon; this name can be applied also to the surrounding country or district. It lies in modern day Uttar Pradesh, India. The name is rendered elsewhere in this translation as its older name, “Kāśī.”

  • Vārāṇasī
  • བཱ་རཱ་ཎ་སཱི།
  • bA rA Na sI
  • Vārāṇasī

City in North India where the Buddha first taught the Dharma

Tantra Text Warning

Warning: Readers are reminded that according to Vajrayāna Buddhist tradition there are restrictions and commitments concerning tantra. Practitioners who are not sure if they should read this translation are advised to consult the authorities of their lineage. The responsibility for reading this text or sharing it with others who may or may not fulfill the requirements lies in the hands of readers.

Translation by Wiesiek Mical · Anna Zilman · Andreas Doctor
  • Vārāṇasī
  • ཀ་ཤི་ཀ
  • ka shi ka
  • Vārāṇasī

Capital of the ancient country of Kāśi, west of Magadha and north of Kośala, where the Buddha first taught the Dharma.