84000 Glossary of Terms

Our trilingual glossary combining entries from all of our publications into one useful resource, giving translations and definitions of thousands of terms, people, places, and texts from the Buddhist canon.

རྟོན་པ་བཞི། | Glossary of Terms

  • རྟོན་པ་བཞི།

  • rton pa bzhi
  • catuḥ­prati­śaraṇa
  • pratiśārana
  • pratisaraṇa
  • catuspratisaraṇa
  • Term
Publications: 4
Translation by Timothy Hinkle
  • four reliances
  • རྟོན་པ་བཞི།
  • rton pa bzhi
  • catuspratisaraṇa
Definition in this text:

A bodhisattva should (1) rely on the meaning, not the expression; (2) on the teaching, not the person; (3) on wisdom, not on normal consciousness; and (4) on discourses the definitive meaning, not on the interpretable meaning.

Translation by Jens Braarvig
  • four reliances
  • རྟོན་པ་བཞི།
  • rton pa bzhi
  • catuḥ­prati­śaraṇa
Definition in this text:

The reliance on the meaning but not on the letter, the reliance on wisdom but not on consciousness, the reliance on the sūtras of definitive meaning but not on the sūtras of implicit meaning, and the reliance on the true state of phenomena but not on the person.

Translation by Robert A. F. Thurman
  • four reliances
  • རྟོན་པ་བཞི།
  • rton pa bzhi
  • pratiśārana
Definition in this text:

To attain higher realizations and final enlightenment, the bodhisattva should rely on the meaning (of the teaching) and not on the expression (artha­pratisāraṇena bhavitavyaṃ na vyañjana­pratisāraṇena); on the teaching and not on the person (who teaches it) (dharma­pratisāraṇena bhavitavyaṃ na pudgala­pratisāraṇena); on gnosis and not on normal consciousness (jñāna­pratisāraṇena bhavitavyaṃ na vijñāna­pratisāraṇena); and on discourses of definitive meaning and not on discourses of interpretable meaning (nītārtha­sūtra­pratisāraṇena bhavitavyaṃ na neyārtha­sūtra­pratisāraṇena) according to the order in this sūtra. The usual order, “teaching-reliance,” “meaning-reliance,” definitive-meaning-discourse-reliance,” and “gnosis-reliance,” seems to conform better to stages of practice.

Translation by Christian Bernert · Khenpo Ngawang Jorden
  • four reliances
  • རྟོན་པ་བཞི།
  • rton pa bzhi
  • pratisaraṇa
Definition in this text:

See UT22084-071-014-34.