84000 Glossary of Terms

Our trilingual glossary combining entries from all of our publications into one useful resource, giving translations and definitions of thousands of terms, people, places, and texts from the Buddhist canon.

ལག་ན་རྡོ་རྗེ། | Glossary of Terms

    ལག་ན་རྡོ་རྗེ།

    lag na rdo rje

    Vajrapāṇi

  • Person
  • Note: this data is still being sorted
Publications: 32

Vajrapāṇi means “Wielder of the Vajra.” In the Pali canon, he appears as a yakṣa guardian in the retinue of the Buddha. In the Mahāyāna scriptures he is a bodhisattva and one of the “eight close sons of the Buddha.” In the tantras, he is also regarded as an important Buddhist deity and instrumental in the transmission of tantric scriptures.

Translation by Fumi Yao
  • Vajrapāṇi
  • ལག་ན་རྡོ་རྗེ།
  • lag na rdo rje
  • Vajrapāṇi

A yakṣa.

Translation by Peter Alan Roberts
  • Vajrapāṇi
  • ལག་ན་རྡོ་རྗེ།
  • lag na rdo rje
  • Vajrapāṇi

In the sūtra tradition, Vajrapāṇi was a yakṣa who acted as the Buddha Śākyamuni’s bodyguard. Also identified as being a manifestation of Śakra and could appear as a number of vajrapāṇis to guard the Buddha. With the advent of the Mantrayāna he is a bodhisattva. Also a euphemism for Indra or a group of vajra-wielding deities in Indra’s realm.

Translation by Peter Alan Roberts
  • Vajrapāṇi
  • ལག་ན་རྡོ་རྗེ།
  • lag na rdo rje
  • Vajrapāṇi

He first appears in Buddhist literature as the yakṣa bodyguard of the Buddha, ready at times to shatter a person’s head into a hundred pieces with his vajra if they speak inappropriately to the Buddha. His name means that he wields a vajra. His identity as a bodhisattva did not take place until the rise of the Mantrayāna.

Translation by Jake Nagasawa · ErdeneBaatar Erdene-Ochir · Jaakko Takkinen
  • Vajrapāṇi
  • ལག་ན་རྡོ་རྗེ།
  • lag na rdo rje
  • Vajrapāṇi

A bodhisattva.

Translation by Catherine Dalton · Heidi Koppl · James Gentry · Cortland Dahl · Hilary Herdman · Andreas Doctor
  • Vajrapāṇi
  • རྡོ་རྗེ་སྐྱེས་པ།
  • rdo rje skyes pa
  • Vajrapāṇi
Translation by Peter Alan Roberts
  • Vajrapāṇi
  • ཕྱག་ན་རྡོ་རྗེ།
  • phyag na rdo rje
  • Vajrapāṇi

He first appears in Buddhist literature as the yakṣa bodyguard of the Buddha, ready at times to shatter a person’s head into a hundred pieces with his vajra if they were to speak inappropriately to the Buddha. His identity as a bodhisattva did not take place until the rise of the Mahāyāna in such sūtras as the Kāraṇda­vyūha Sūtra.

Translation by Benjamin Collet-Cassart
  • Vajrapāṇi
  • ལག་ན་རྡོ་རྗེ།
  • lag na rdo rje
  • Vajrapāṇi

One of the earliest bodhisattvas of Mahāyāna Buddhism, representing the skillful ability of the awakened state.

Translation by Peter Alan Roberts
  • Vajrapāṇi
  • ཕྱག་ན་རྡོ་རྗེ།
  • phyag na rdo rje
  • Vajrapāṇi

He first appears in Buddhist literature as the yakṣa bodyguard of the Buddha, ready at times to shatter a person’s head into a hundred pieces with his vajra if he speaks inappropriately to the Buddha. His identity as a bodhisattva did not take place until the rise of the Mantrayāna in such sūtras as the Kāraṇḍavyūha. However, although listed (paradoxically along with Avalokiteśvara) as being in the assembly that hears the teaching of this sūtra, in the sūtra itself he is grouped with the worldly spirits that Avalokiteśvara frightens.

Translation by Timothy Hinkle
  • Vajrapāṇi
  • ལག་ན་རྡོ་རྗེ།
  • lag na rdo rje
  • Vajrapāṇi

One of the eight “close sons” of the Buddha, the embodiment of power.

Translation by David Jackson
  • Vajrapāṇi
  • ལག་ན་རྡོ་རྗེ།
  • lag na rdo rje
  • Vajrapāṇi
Translation by Dr. Anne Burchardi · Tulku Dakpa Rinpoche · Dr. Ulrich Pagel
  • Vajrapāṇi
  • ལག་ན་རྡོ་རྗེ།
  • lag na rdo rje
  • Vajrapāṇi
Translation by Robert A. F. Thurman
  • Vajrapāṇi
  • ཕྱག་ན་རྡོ་རྗེ།
  • phyag na rdo rje
  • Vajrapāṇi

An important bodhisattva, “Wielder of the Thunderbolt,” whose compassion is to manifest in a terrific form to protect the practicers of the Dharma from harmful influences.

Translation by Benjamin Collet-Cassart
  • Vajrapāṇi
  • ལག་ན་རྡོ་རྗེ།
  • lag na rdo rje
  • Vajrapāṇi

A leader of the yakṣas.

Translation by Dr. Karen Liljenberg · Dr. Ulrich Pagel
  • Vajrapāṇi
  • ལག་ན་རྡོ་རྗེ།
  • lag na rdo rje
  • Vajrapāṇi

A bodhisattva.

Translation by Gregory Forgues · Rolf Scheuermann
  • Vajrapāṇi
  • ལག་ན་རྡོ་རྗེ།
  • ཕྱག་ན་རྡོ་རྗེ།
  • lag na rdo rje
  • phyag na rdo rje
  • vajrapāṇi
Translation by Jamyang Choesang · Kunsang Choepel · Boyce Teoh · Solvej Nielsen
  • Vajrapāṇi
  • ལག་ན་རྡོ་རྗེ།
  • lag na rdo rje
  • Vajrapāṇi
Translation by Rolf Scheuermann · Casey Kemp
  • Vajrapāṇi
  • ཕྱག་ན་རྡོ་རྗེ།
  • ལག་ན་རྡོ་རྗེ།
  • phyag na rdo rje
  • lag na rdo rje
  • Vajrapāṇi

First appeared in Buddhist literature as the yakṣa bodyguard of the Buddha, ready at times to shatter a person’s head into a hundred pieces with his vajra if he speaks inappropriately to the Buddha. His identity as a bodhisattva did not take place until the rise of the Mantrayāna in such sūtras as the Kāraṇḍavyūha (Toh 116). However, although listed (paradoxically along with Avalokiteśvara) as being in the assembly that hears the teaching of this sūtra, in the sūtra itself he is grouped with the worldly spirits that Avalokiteśvara frightens.

Translation by Benjamin Collet-Cassart
  • Vajrapāṇi
  • ལག་ན་རྡོ་རྗེ།
  • lag na rdo rje
  • Vajrapāṇi

An important bodhisattva, “Wielder of the Vajra,” whose compassion is to manifest in a terrific form to protect the practitioners of the Dharma from harmful influences.

Translation by Jampa Tenzin · Ngawang Tenzin · Christian Bernert · Julia C. Stenzel
  • Vajrapāṇi
  • ཕྱག་ན་རྡོ་རྗེ།
  • phyag na rdo rje
  • Vajrapāṇi
Translation by Reverend Dr. Chodrung-ma Kunga Chodron
  • Vajrapāṇi
  • ཕྱག་ན་རྡོ་རྗེ།
  • phyag na rdo rje
  • Vajrapāṇi

A bodhisattva.

Translation by Bruno Galasek-Hul
  • Vajrapāṇi
  • ལག་ན་རྡོ་རྗེ།
  • lag na rdo rje
  • Vajrapāṇi

A figure who takes on numerous identities in Buddhist literature, including a yakṣa bodyguard of the Buddha Śākyamuni, a bodhisattva, and an esoteric Buddhist deity instrumental in the transmission of tantric scripture.

Tantra Text Warning

Warning: Readers are reminded that according to Vajrayāna Buddhist tradition there are restrictions and commitments concerning tantra. Practitioners who are not sure if they should read this translation are advised to consult the authorities of their lineage. The responsibility for reading this text or sharing it with others who may or may not fulfill the requirements lies in the hands of readers.

Translation by Wiesiek Mical
  • Vajrapāṇi
  • ཕྱག་ན་རྡོ་རྗེ།
  • phyag na rdo rje
  • Vajrapāṇi

Wrathful aspect of Vajrasattva; the Buddhist counterpart of Indra.

Tantra Text Warning

Warning: Readers are reminded that according to Vajrayāna Buddhist tradition there are restrictions and commitments concerning tantra. Practitioners who are not sure if they should read this translation are advised to consult the authorities of their lineage. The responsibility for reading this text or sharing it with others who may or may not fulfill the requirements lies in the hands of readers.

Translation by Thomas Doctor
  • Vajrapāṇi
  • ལག་ན་རྡོ་རྗེ།
  • lag na rdo rje
  • Vajrapāṇi
Translation by Adam Krug
  • Vajrapāṇi
  • ལག་ན་རྡོ་རྗེ།
  • lag na rdo rje
  • vajrapāṇi

An important bodhisattva who manifests in a terrific form to protect Dharma practitioners.

Translation by Adam Krug
  • Vajrapāṇi
  • ལག་ན་རྡོ་རྗེ།
  • lag na rdo rje
  • Vajrapāṇi

One of the most popular bodhisattvas in the Mahāyāna Buddhist pantheon.

Translation by Adam Krug
  • Vajrapāṇi
  • ཕྱག་ན་རྡོ་རྗེ།
  • phyag na rdo rje
  • Vajrapāṇi

A bodhisattva.

Translation by Wiesiek Mical
  • Vajrapāṇi
  • ཕྱག་ན་རྡོ་རྗེ།
  • phyag na rdo rje
  • Vajrapāṇi
  • Kuliśapāṇi

A Buddhist deity and a legendary bodhisattva; in the MMK he is regarded as the master of powerful nonhuman beings.

Translation by James Gentry
  • Vajrapāṇi
  • ལག་ན་རྡོ་རྗེ།
  • lag na rdo rje
  • Vajrapāṇi
Translation by Catherine Dalton
  • Vajrapāṇi
  • ལག་ན་རྡོ་རྗེ།
  • ཕྱག་ན་རྡོ་རྗེ།
  • lag na rdo rje
  • phyag na rdo rje
  • Vajrapāṇi
Tantra Text Warning

Warning: Readers are reminded that according to Vajrayāna Buddhist tradition there are restrictions and commitments concerning tantra. Practitioners who are not sure if they should read this translation are advised to consult the authorities of their lineage. The responsibility for reading this text or sharing it with others who may or may not fulfill the requirements lies in the hands of readers.

Translation by Wiesiek Mical · Anna Zilman · Andreas Doctor
  • Vajrapāṇi
  • ལག་ན་རྡོ་རྗེ།
  • རྡོ་རྗེ་ཐོགས་པ།
  • ཕྱག་ན་རྡོ་རྗེ།
  • lag na rdo rje
  • rdo rje thogs pa
  • phyag na rdo rje
  • Vajrapāṇi

A yakṣa bodhisattva and Buddhist deity, also called the “general of yakṣas.”

  • Vajrapāṇi
  • ལག་ན་རྡོ་རྗེ།
  • lag na rdo rje
  • Vajrapāṇi

‟Vajra in Hand,” the deity who teaches the Bhūta­ḍāmara Tantra; in the first half of this text he is referred to primarily as Vajradhara.

Translation by Wiesiek Mical · Nicholas Schmidt
  • Vajrapāṇi
  • ལག་ན་རྡོ་རྗེ།
  • lag na rdo rje
  • Vajrapāṇi

A Buddhist bodhisattva and protective yakṣa whose name can be translated “vajra-in-hand.”