84000 Glossary of Terms

Our trilingual glossary combining entries from all of our publications into one useful resource, giving translations and definitions of thousands of terms, people, places, and texts from the Buddhist canon.

རང་སངས་རྒྱས། | Glossary of Terms

  • པྲ་ཏྱེ་ཀ་བུདྡྷ།

  • རང་རྒྱལ།
  • རང་སངས་རྒྱས།
  • rang sangs rgyas
  • rang rgyal
  • pra t+ye ka bud+d+ha
  • pratyekabuddha
  • pratyekajina
  • pratyayajina
  • pratyaya
  • pratyekasaṃbuddha
  • Term
Publications: 90

Literally, “buddha for oneself” or “solitary realizer.” Someone who, in his or her last life, attains awakening entirely through their own contemplation, without relying on a teacher. Unlike the awakening of a fully realized buddha (samyaksambuddha), the accomplishment of a pratyeka­buddha is not regarded as final or ultimate. They attain realization of the nature of dependent origination, the selflessness of the person, and a partial realization of the selflessness of phenomena, by observing the suchness of all that arises through interdependence. This is the result of progress in previous lives but, unlike a buddha, they do not have the necessary merit, compassion or motivation to teach others. They are named as “rhinoceros-like” (khaḍgaviṣāṇakalpa) for their preference for staying in solitude or as “congregators” (vargacārin) when their preference is to stay among peers.