84000 Glossary of Terms

Our trilingual glossary combining entries from all of our publications into one useful resource, giving translations and definitions of thousands of terms, people, places, and texts from the Buddhist canon.

འོད་དཔག་མད། | Glossary of Terms

    འོད་དཔག་མད།

    ’od dpag mad

    Amitābha

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Publications: 32

The buddha of the western buddhafield of Sukhāvatī, where fortunate beings are reborn to make further progress toward spiritual maturity. Amitābha made his great vows to create such a realm when he was a bodhisattva called Dharmākara. In the Pure Land Buddhist tradition, popular in East Asia, aspiring to be reborn in his buddha realm is the main emphasis; in other Mahāyāna traditions, too, it is a widespread practice. For a detailed description of the realm, see The Display of the Pure Land of Sukhāvatī, Toh 115. In some tantras that make reference to the five families he is the tathāgata associated with the the lotus family.

Amitābha, “Infinite Light,” is also known in many Indian Buddhist works as Amitāyus, “Infinite Life.” In both East Asian and Tibetan Buddhist traditions he is often conflated with another buddha named “Infinite Life,” Aparimitāyus, or “Infinite Life and Wisdom,”Aparimitāyurjñāna, the shorter version of whose name has also been back-translated from Tibetan into Sanskrit as Amitāyus but who presides over a realm in the zenith. For details on the relation between these buddhas and their names, see The Aparimitāyurjñāna Sūtra (1) Toh 674, i.9.

Translation by Peter Alan Roberts
  • Amitābha
  • འོད་སྣང་མཐའ་ཡས་པ།
  • མི་དཔོགས་འོད།
  • ’od snang mtha’ yas pa
  • mi dpogs ’od
  • Amitābha

The buddha of the western realm of Sukhāvatī, he is also known as Amitāyus. The Tibetan translation of Amitābha in this sūtra differs from the usual translations, either ’od dpag med or snang ba mtha’ yas. It is also the name in chapter 44 of a future buddha in this kalpa. In that instance the Tibetan is mi dpogs ’od.

Translation by Timothy Hinkle
  • Amitābha
  • འོད་དཔག་མེད།
  • ’od dpag med
  • Amitābha

Also known as Amitāyus in the sūtras, he is the buddha of the western realm of Sukhāvatī.

Translation by Tulku Sherdor · Virginia Blum
  • Amitābha
  • འོད་དཔག་མེད།
  • ’od dpag med
  • Amitābha

The buddha residing in the western buddha realm of Sukhāvatī. He is also known as Amitāyus.

Translation by Celso Wilkinson · Laura Goetz · L. S. Summer
  • Amitābha
  • འོད་དཔག་མེད།
  • ’od dpag med
  • Amitābha

One of the most important buddhas in the Mahāyāna and Vajrayāna pantheon, Amitābha is the buddha presiding over the western pure land of Sukhāvatī.

Translation by Lowell Cook
  • Amitābha
  • འོད་དཔག་མེད།
  • ’od dpag med
  • Amitābha

Amitābha (Immeasurable Light) is the buddha associated with the western realm of Sukhāvatī. He is also known as Amitāyus.

Translation by Peter Alan Roberts
  • Amitābha
  • སྣང་བ་མཐའ་ཡས།
  • snang ba mtha’ yas
  • Amitābha

More commonly known as Amitāyus in the sūtras, he is the buddha of the western realm of Sukhāvatī. Rebirth in that realm has been an important goal since early Mahāyāna.

Translation by Julia Stenzel · Ngawang Rinchen Gyaltsen · Tsewang Gyaltsen
  • Amitābha
  • འོད་དཔག་མེད།
  • ’od dpag med
  • Amitābha

Buddha associated with Sukhāvatī; buddha of the western direction; principal buddha of the Pure Land tradition; as the bodhisattva Dharmākara, he made fourty-eight original vows (praṇidhāna) to bring beings to enlightenment, thus establishing Sukhāvatī for their benefit; in tantrism he is one of the five dhyāni-buddhas and is associated with the aggregate of notions (saṃjñā­skandha).

Translation by Peter Alan Roberts
  • Amitābha
  • འོད་དཔག་མད།
  • ’od dpag mad
  • Amitābha

The buddha of the western realm of Sukhāvatī. In the sūtras more commonly known as Amitāyus.

Translation by Andreas Doctor
  • Amitābha
  • འོད་དཔག་མེད།
  • ’od dpag med
  • Amitābha
Translation by Joseph McClellan
  • Amitābha
  • མཐའ་ཡས་འོད།
  • mtha’ yas ’od
  • Amitābha

The buddha who resides in Sukhāvatī.

Translation by Ani Jinpa Palmo
  • Amitābha
  • འོད་དཔག་མེད།
  • ’od dpag med
  • Amitābha

The buddha who resides in Sukhāvatī.

Translation by Venerable Jampa Losal · YangDol Tsatultsang
  • Amitābha
  • འོད་དཔག་མེད།
  • ’od dpag med
  • Amitābha

Buddha of the Sukhāvatī buddha field.

Translation by Gregory Forgues · Rolf Scheuermann
  • Amitābha
  • འོད་དཔག་ཏུ་མེད་པ།
  • ’od dpag tu med pa
  • amitābha

“Infinite Light.”

Translation by Joshua Capitanio
  • Amitābha
  • འོད་དཔག་མེད།
  • ’od dpag med
  • Amitābha

“Immeasurable Light.” A buddha whose realm, Sukhāvatī, lies in the western direction.

Translation by Timothy Hinkle · Anna Zilman · Lama Tenzin Sangpo
  • Amitābha
  • འོད་དཔག་མེད།
  • ’od dpag med
  • Amitābha

The buddha residing in the western buddha realm Sukhāvatī.

Translation by Ana Cristina Lopes
  • Amitābha
  • འོད་དཔག་མེད།
  • ’od dpag med
  • Amitābha

Name of the thus-gone one of the world system Sukhāvatī. Alternate name for Amitāyus.

Translation by Reverend Dr. Chodrung-ma Kunga Chodron
  • Amitābha
  • འོད་དཔག་མེད།
  • ’od dpag med
  • Amitābha

A buddha of the west; buddha of the Sukhāvatī buddhafield.

Tantra Text Warning

Warning: Readers are reminded that according to Vajrayāna Buddhist tradition there are restrictions and commitments concerning tantra. Practitioners who are not sure if they should read this translation are advised to consult the authorities of their lineage. The responsibility for reading this text or sharing it with others who may or may not fulfill the requirements lies in the hands of readers.

Translation by James Gentry
  • Amitābha
  • འོད་དཔག་མེད།
  • ’od dpag med
  • Amitābha
Tantra Text Warning

Warning: Readers are reminded that according to Vajrayāna Buddhist tradition there are restrictions and commitments concerning tantra. Practitioners who are not sure if they should read this translation are advised to consult the authorities of their lineage. The responsibility for reading this text or sharing it with others who may or may not fulfill the requirements lies in the hands of readers.

Translation by Wiesiek Mical
  • Amitābha
  • འོད་དཔག་མེད།
  • ’od dpag med
  • Amitābha

One of the five buddhas.

Tantra Text Warning

Warning: Readers are reminded that according to Vajrayāna Buddhist tradition there are restrictions and commitments concerning tantra. Practitioners who are not sure if they should read this translation are advised to consult the authorities of their lineage. The responsibility for reading this text or sharing it with others who may or may not fulfill the requirements lies in the hands of readers.

Translation by Thomas Doctor
  • Amitābha
  • འོད་དཔག་མེད།
  • ’od dpag med
  • Amitābha
Translation by Stefan Mang · Peter Woods
  • Amitābha
  • འོད་དཔག་མེད།
  • ’od dpag med
  • amitābha

The buddha of the western realm of Sukhāvatī.

Translation by Adam Krug
  • Amitābha
  • འོད་དཔག་མེད།
  • ’od dpag med
  • amitābha

The buddha who presides over the buddhafield Sukhāvatī; also known as Amitāyus.

Translation by Wiesiek Mical
  • Amitābha
  • དཔག་མེད་འོད།
  • dpag med ’od
  • Amitābha

One of the tathāgatas attending the delivery of the MMK.

Translation by James Gentry
  • Amitābha
  • འོད་དཔག་མེད།
  • ’od dpag med
  • Amitābha
Translation by Catherine Dalton
  • Amitābha
  • འོད་དཔག་ཏུ་མེད་པ།
  • ’od dpag tu med pa
  • Amitābha
Translation by Peter Alan Roberts
  • Amitābha
  • འོད་དཔག་ཏུ་མེད་པ།
  • ’od dpag tu med pa
  • Amitābha

Originally primarily known as Amitāyus, the buddha of the western realm of Sukhāvatī. Rebirth in that realm has been an important goal since early Mahāyāna.

Translation by Peter Alan Roberts
  • Amitābha
  • འོད་དཔག་ཏུ་མེད་པ།
  • ’od dpag tu med pa
  • Amitābha

Originally primarily known as Amitāyus, the buddha of the western realm of Sukhāvatī. Rebirth in that realm has been an important goal since early Mahāyāna.

Translation by Adam Krug · Dr. Andreas Doctor
  • Amitābha
  • འོད་མཐའ་ཡས།
  • ’od mtha’ yas
  • Amitābha

“Infinite Light,” the name of the buddha who presides over Sukhāvatī, also called Amitāyus or Aparimitāyus. Traditionally equated, too, with Dundubhi­svara­rāja.

Translation by Adam Krug
  • Amitābha
  • འོད་དཔག་མེད།
  • ’od dpag med
  • Amitābha

One of the most important buddhas in the Mahāyāna and Vajrayāna pantheon, Amitābha is the buddha presiding over the western Pure Land of Sukhāvatī.

Tantra Text Warning

Warning: Readers are reminded that according to Vajrayāna Buddhist tradition there are restrictions and commitments concerning tantra. Practitioners who are not sure if they should read this translation are advised to consult the authorities of their lineage. The responsibility for reading this text or sharing it with others who may or may not fulfill the requirements lies in the hands of readers.

Translation by Wiesiek Mical · Anna Zilman · Andreas Doctor
  • Amitābha
  • འོད་དཔག་མེད།
  • ’od dpag med
  • Amitābha

The buddha of “infinite light.”

Translation by Stefan Mang · Lowell Cook
  • Amitābha
  • འོད་དཔག་མེད།
  • ’od dpag med
  • Amitābha

The buddha residing in the western buddha realm Sukhāvatī.

Translation by Ryan Damron · Wiesiek Mical
  • Amitābha
  • འོད་དཔག་མེད།
  • ’od dpag med
  • Amitābha

The buddha residing in the western buddhafield Sukhāvatī.