84000 Glossary of Terms

Our trilingual glossary combining entries from all of our publications into one useful resource, giving translations and definitions of thousands of terms, people, places, and texts from the Buddhist canon.

མ་ག་དྷཱ། | Glossary of Terms

    མ་ག་དྷཱ།

    ma ga d+hA

    Magadha

  • Place
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Publications: 27

An ancient Indian kingdom that lay to the south of the Ganges River in what today is the state of Bihar. Magadha was the largest of the sixteen “great states” (mahājanapada) that flourished between the sixth and third centuries ʙᴄᴇ in northern India. During the life of the Buddha Śākyamuni, it was ruled by King Bimbisāra and was home to many of the most important Buddhist sites, including Bodh Gayā, Nālandā, and Rājagṛha. Its capital was initially Rājagṛha but was later moved to Pāṭaliputra (modern-day Patna) sometime after the reign of Bimbisāra's son, Ajātaśatru.

Translation by Robert Miller
  • Magadha
  • མ་ག་དྷ།
  • ma ga d+ha
  • Magadha

A kingdom on the banks of the Ganges (in the southern part of the modern day Indian state of Bihar), whose capital was at Pāṭaliputra (modern day Patna). During the life of Śākyamuni Buddha, it was the dominant kingdom in north central India and is home to many of the most important Buddhist sites, including Bodh Gayā, Nālandā, and its capital Rājagṛha.

Translation by Fumi Yao
  • Magadha
  • མ་ག་དྷཱ།
  • ma ga dhA
  • Magadha

A country frequently visited by the Buddha.

Translation by Peter Alan Roberts
  • Magadha
  • མ་ག་དྷ།
  • ma ga dha
  • Magadha

The ancient kingdom in what is now southern Bihar, within which the Buddha attained enlightenment. During most of the life of the Buddha it was ruled by King Bimbisāra. During the Buddha’s later years it began to expand greatly under the reign of King Ajātaśatru, and in the third century, during the reign of Aśoka, it become an empire that controlled most of India.

Translation by Timothy Hinkle
  • Magadha
  • མ་ག་དྷ།
  • ma ga dha
  • magadha

A large and important kingdom during the time of the Buddha Śākyamuni, ruled by Bimbisāra and later his son Ajātaśatru from the capital Rājagṛha.

Translation by Benjamin Collet-Cassart · Nika Jovic
  • Magadha
  • མ་ག་དྷ།
  • ma ga dha
  • Magadha
  • 摩竭

The largest kingdom of northern India during the time of the Buddha.

Translation by Catherine Dalton · Heidi Koppl · James Gentry · Cortland Dahl · Hilary Herdman · Andreas Doctor
  • Magadha
  • མ་ག་དྷཱ།
  • ma ga dhA
  • Magadha

The largest kingdom of northern India during the time of the Buddha.

Translation by Jens Erland Braarvig
  • Magadha
  • མ་ག་དྷ།
  • ma ga dha
  • Magadha

The largest kingdom of northern India during the time of the Buddha.

Translation by Dr. Thomas Doctor · James Gentry
  • Magadha
  • མ་ག་དྷ།
  • ma ga dha
  • Magadha

A kingdom of ancient India, home to the Vajra Seat.

Translation by Lowell Cook
  • Magadha
  • མཉམ་དགའ།
  • mnyam dga’
  • Magadha

An ancient Indian kingdom that lay to the south of the Ganges River in what today is the state of Bihar. Magadha was the largest of the sixteen “great states” (mahājanapada) that flourished between the sixth and third centuries ʙᴄᴇ in northern India. During the life of the Buddha Śākyamuni, it was ruled by King Bimbisāra and was home to many of the most important Buddhist sites, including Bodh Gayā, Nālandā, and Rājagṛha. Its capital was initially Rājagṛha but was later moved to Pāṭaliputra (modern-day Patna) sometime after the reign of Bimbisāra’s usurper son, Ajātaśatru.

Translation by Peter Alan Roberts
  • Magadha
  • མ་ག་དྷ།
  • ma ga dha
  • Magadha

This ancient kingdom is in what is now southern Bihar, within which the Buddha attained enlightenment. During most of the life of the Buddha it was ruled by King Bimbisara. During the Buddha’s later years it began to expand greatly under the reign of King Ajataśatru. In the third century ᴄᴇ, during the reign of Aśoka, it become an empire that controlled most of India.

Translation by Peter Alan Roberts
  • Magadha
  • མ་ག་དྷ།
  • ma ga dha
  • Magadha

The ancient kingdom in what is now south Bihar. Its king, Bimbisāra, became a patron of Śakyāmuni.

Translation by Timothy Hinkle
  • Magadha
  • མ་ག་དྷ།
  • ma ga dha
  • Magadha

The largest kingdom of northern India during the time of the Buddha.

Translation by Joseph McClellan
  • Magadha
  • མ་ག་དྷཱ།
  • ma ga dhA
  • Magadha

The largest kingdom of Northern India during the time of the Buddha.

Translation by Wiesiek Mical · Timothy Hinkle
  • Magadha
  • མ་ག་དྷཱ།
  • ma ga d+hA
  • Māgadha
  • Magadha

The country corresponding roughly to modern Bihar.

Translation by David Jackson
  • Magadha
  • མ་ག་དྷཱ།
  • ma ga d+hA
  • Magadha

An ancient Indian kingdom located in what is today southern Bihar.

Translation by Gyurmé Avertin
  • Magadha
  • མ་ག་དྷ།
  • ma ga dha
  • Magadha

An ancient Indian kingdom that lay to the south of the Ganges river in what is today the state of Bihar. Magadha was the largest of the sixteen “great states” (Mahājanapada) that flourished between the sixth and third centuries ʙᴄᴇ in northern India. During the life of the Buddha Śākyamuni, it was ruled by King Bimbisāra and was home to many of the most important Buddhist sites, including Bodh Gayā, Nālandā, and Rājagṛha. Its capital was initially Rājagṛha but was later moved to Pāṭaliputra (modern day Patna) sometime after the reign of Bimbisāra's usurper son, Ajātaśatru.

Translation by Dr. Karen Liljenberg · Dr. Ulrich Pagel
  • Magadha
  • མ་ག་དྷ།
  • ma ga d+ha
  • Magadha

A kingdom on the banks of the Ganges (in the southern part of the modern day Indian state of Bihar), whose capital was at Pāṭaliputra (modern day Patna). During the life of Śākyamuni Buddha, it was the dominant kingdom in north central India and is home to many of the most important Buddhist sites, including Bodh Gayā, Nālandā, and its capital Rājagṛha.

Translation by Lowell Cook
  • Magadha
  • མ་ག་དྷཱ།
  • ma ga d+hA
  • Magadha

A kingdom on the banks of the Ganges (in the southern part of the modern-day Indian state of Bihar), whose capital was at Pāṭaliputra (modern-day Patna). During the life of the Buddha Śākyamuni, it was the dominant kingdom in north-central India and is home to many of the most important Buddhist sites, including Bodh Gayā, Nālandā, and its capital Rājagṛha.

Translation by Celso Wilkinson · Laura Goetz
  • Magadha
  • མ་ག་དྷཱ།
  • ma ga d+hA
  • Magadha

The kingdom ruled by King Śreṇya Bimbisāra. Its capital is the city of Rājagṛha, which was close to the site where the Buddha gave many of his sermons.

Translation by Benjamin Collet-Cassart
  • Magadha
  • མ་ག་དྷཱ།
  • ma ga d+hA
  • Magadha

The largest kingdom of North India during the time of the Buddha Śākyamuni.

Translation by Lowell Cook
  • Magadha
  • མ་ག་དྷཱ།
  • ma ga d+hA
  • Magadha

An ancient Indian kingdom that lay to the south of the Ganges River in what today is the state of Bihar. Magadha was the largest of the sixteen “great states” (mahājanapada) that flourished between the sixth and third centuries ʙᴄᴇ in northern India. During the life of the Buddha Śākyamuni, it was ruled by King Bimbisāra and was home to many of the most important Buddhist sites, including Bodh Gayā, Nālandā, and Rājagṛha. Its capital was initially Rājagṛha but was later moved to Pāṭaliputra (modern-day Patna) sometime after the reign of Bimbisāra's usurper son, Ajātaśatru.

Translation by Dr. Thomas Doctor · Timothy Hinkle · Benjamin Collet-Cassart
  • Magadha
  • མ་ག་དྷཱ།
  • ma ga dhA
  • Magadha

The largest kingdom in Northern India during the time of the Buddha.

Translation by Dr. Fumi Yao
  • Magadha
  • མ་ག་དྷཱ།
  • ma ga dhA
  • Magadha

One of the most important regions during the time of Buddha Śākyamuni, ruled by Bimbisāra and later his son Ajātaśatru from the capital Rājagṛha.

Translation by Elizabeth Angowski
  • Magadha
  • མ་ག་དྷཱ།
  • ma ga d+hA
  • Magadha

One of the sixteen great kingdoms of ancient India.

Translation by Ruth Gamble · Tenzin Ringpapontsang
  • Magadha
  • མ་ག་དྷཱ།
  • ma ga d+hA
  • Magadha

A kingdom on the banks of the Ganges (in the southern part of the modern day Indian state of Bihar), whose capital was at Pāṭaliputra (modern day Patna). During the life of the Buddha Śākyamuni, it was the dominant kingdom in north central India and is home to many of the most important Buddhist sites, including Bodh Gayā, Nālandā, and its capital Rājagṛha.

Translation by Wiesiek Mical
  • Magadha
  • མ་ག་དྷཱ།
  • ma ga dhA
  • Magadha

An ancient country corresponding to southern Bihar, part of the heartland where the Buddha was active and where Buddhism was first established.

Translation by James Gentry
  • Magadha
  • མ་ག་དྷ།
  • ma ga dha
  • Magadha