84000 Glossary of Terms

Our trilingual glossary combining entries from all of our publications into one useful resource, giving translations and definitions of thousands of terms, people, places, and texts from the Buddhist canon.

རྣམ་པར་གཟིགས། | Glossary of Terms

    རྣམ་པར་གཟིགས།

    rnam par gzigs

    Vipaśyin

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Publications: 20
Translation by Robert Miller
  • Vipaśyin
  • རྣམ་པར་གཟིགས་པ།
  • rnam par gzigs pa
  • Vipaśyin

One of the six buddhas who preceded Śākyamuni in this Fortunate Eon.

Translation by Fumi Yao
  • Vipaśyin
  • རྣམ་པར་གཟིགས།
  • རྣམ་གཟིགས།
  • rnam par gzigs
  • rnam gzigs
  • Vipaśyin

A buddha in the past.

Translation by Peter Alan Roberts
  • Vipaśyin
  • རྣམ་པར་གཟིགས།
  • rnam par gzigs
  • Vipaśyin

In early Buddhism the first of seven buddhas, with Śākyamuni as the seventh. The first three buddhas‍—Vipaśyin, Śikhin, and Viśvabhuk‍—appeared in a kalpa earlier than our Bhadra kalpa, and therefore Śākyamuni is more commonly referred to as the fourth buddha.

Translation by Dr Karen Liljenberg · Dr Ulrich Pagel
  • Vipaśyin
  • རྣམ་པར་གཟིགས།
  • rnam par gzigs
  • Vipaśyin

The first of six buddhas who preceded Śākyamuni.

Translation by Catherine Dalton · Heidi Koppl · James Gentry · Cortland Dahl · Hilary Herdman · Andreas Doctor
  • Vipaśyin
  • རྣམ་པར་གཟིགས།
  • rnam par gzigs
  • Vipaśyin
Translation by Tulku Sherdor · Virginia Blum
  • Vipaśyin
  • རྣམ་པར་གཟིགས།
  • rnam par gzigs
  • Vipaśyin

One of the seven buddhas preceding the Buddha Śākyamuni.

Translation by Peter Alan Roberts
  • Vipaśyin
  • རྣམ་པར་གཟིགས།
  • rnam par gzigs
  • Vipaśyin

The first of the seven buddhas, with Śākyamuni as the seventh. The first three of the buddhas appeared in an earlier time than this present “fortunate eon.”

Translation by Wiesiek Mical · Timothy Hinkle
  • Vipaśyin
  • རྣམ་པར་གཟིགས།
  • rnam par gzigs
  • Vipaśyin

One of the tathāgatas.

Translation by Dr. Andreas Doctor
  • Vipaśyin
  • རྣམ་པར་གཟིགས།
  • rnam par gzigs
  • Vipaśyin

A buddha of a previous eon.

Translation by Gregory Forgues · Rolf Scheuermann
  • Vipāśyin
  • རྣམ་པར་གཟིགས།
  • rnam par gzigs
  • vipāśyin

“Discerning One.”

Translation by Benjamin Collet-Cassart
  • Vipaśyin
  • རྣམ་པར་གཟིགས།
  • rnam par gzigs
  • Vipaśyin

One of the six buddhas who preceded Śākyamuni in this Fortunate Eon.

Translation by Reverend Dr. Chodrung-ma Kunga Chodron
  • Vipaśyin
  • རྣམ་པར་གཟིགས།
  • rnam par gzigs
  • Vipaśyin

The first of of the “seven previous buddhas.”

Translation by Adam Krug
  • Vipaśyin
  • རྣམ་པར་གཟིགས།
  • rnam par gzigs
  • Vipaśyin

The first of the seven tathāgatas/buddhas. Identified in other texts as the last but two of the buddhas that appeared in the eon that preceded the present one.

Translation by Dr. Thomas Doctor · Timothy Hinkle · Benjamin Collet-Cassart
  • Vipaśyin
  • རྣམ་པར་གཟིགས།
  • rnam par gzigs
  • Vipaśyin

A previous buddha.

Translation by Ryan Conlon
  • Vipaśyin
  • རྣམ་པར་གཟིགས།
  • rnam par gzigs
  • Vipaśyin

A buddha in a previous eon.

Tantra Text Warning

Warning: Readers are reminded that according to Vajrayāna Buddhist tradition there are restrictions and commitments concerning tantra. Practitioners who are not sure if they should read this translation are advised to consult the authorities of their lineage. The responsibility for reading this text or sharing it with others who may or may not fulfill the requirements lies in the hands of readers.

Translation by Wiesiek Mical
  • Vipaśyin
  • རྣམ་པར་གཟིགས།
  • rnam par gzigs
  • Vipaśyin

The first of the seven buddhas of the past.

Translation by Wiesiek Mical
  • Vipaśyin
  • རྣམ་པར་གཟིགས།
  • rnam par gzigs
  • Vipaśyin

One of the tathāgatas attending the delivery of the MMK.

Translation by James Gentry
  • Vipaśyin
  • སངས་རྒྱས་རྣམ་གཟིགས།
  • རྣམ་པར་གཟིགས།
  • sangs rgyas rnam gzigs
  • rnam par gzigs
  • Vipaśyibuddha

First of the seven buddhas of the past.

Translation by Peter Alan Roberts
  • Vipaśyin
  • རྣམ་པར་གཟིགས།
  • rnam par gzigs
  • Vipaśyin

In early Buddhism, the first of the seven buddhas, with Śākyamuni as the seventh. The first three buddhas ‍—Vipaśyin, Śikhin, and Viśvabhu‍—are in an earlier eon than the Bhadraka eon, and therefore Śākyamuni is more commonly referred to as the fourth buddha.

Translation by Peter Alan Roberts
  • Vipaśyin
  • རྣམ་པར་གཟིགས།
  • rnam par gzigs
  • Vipaśyin

In early Buddhism, the first of the seven buddhas, with Śākyamuni as the seventh. The first three buddhas ‍—Vipaśyin, Śikhin, and Viśvabhu‍—are in an earlier eon than the Bhadraka eon, and therefore Śākyamuni is more commonly referred to as the fourth buddha.