84000 Glossary of Terms

Our trilingual glossary combining entries from all of our publications into one useful resource, giving translations and definitions of thousands of terms, people, places, and texts from the Buddhist canon.

འཕགས་སྐྱེས་པོ། | Glossary of Terms

    འཕགས་སྐྱེས་པོ།

    ’phags skyes po

    Virūḍhaka

  • Person
  • Note: this data is still being sorted
Publications: 20
Translation by Robert Miller
  • Virūḍhaka
  • འཕགས་སྐྱེས་པོ།
  • ’phags skyes po
  • Virūḍhaka

A son of King Prasenajit of Kosala, who first served as a general in his father’s army, but later usurped the throne. As a boy he discovered that his mother, who had been offered to his father by the Śākyas, had originally only been a servant rather than a noblewoman as the Śākyas had claimed; and later, as king, in revenge he attacked and destroyed Kapilavastu, slaughtering most of the Śākya inhabitants. However, he then died there in a flood. Not to be confused with the Virūḍhaka who is one of the Four Great Kings.

Translation by Peter Alan Roberts
  • Virūḍhaka
  • འཕགས་སྐྱེས་པོ།
  • ’phags skyes po
  • Virūḍhaka

One of the Four Mahārājas, he is the guardian of the southern direction and the lord of the kumbhāṇḍas.

Translation by Zachary Beer
  • Virūḍhaka
  • འཕགས་སྐྱེས་པོ།
  • ’phags skyes po
  • Virūḍhaka

One of the four great kings, the protectors of the world; guardian of the south.

Translation by Benjamin Collet-Cassart
  • Virūḍhaka
  • བེ་རོ་ཀ
  • be ro ka
  • Virūḍhaka

One of the Four Great Kings, he presides over the southern quarter and rules over the kumbhāṇḍas.

Translation by Timothy Hinkle
  • Virūḍhaka
  • འཕགས་སྐྱེས་པོ།
  • ’phags skyes po
  • Virūḍhaka

One of the Four Great Kings, he presides over the southern quarter and rules over the kumbhāṇḍas.

Translation by Catherine Dalton · Heidi Koppl · James Gentry · Cortland Dahl · Hilary Herdman · Andreas Doctor
  • Virūḍhaka
  • འཕགས་སྐྱེས་པོ།
  • ’phags skyes po
  • Virūḍhaka
Translation by Peter Alan Roberts
  • Virūḍhaka
  • འཕགས་སྐྱེས་པོ།
  • ’phags skyes po
  • Virūḍhaka

One of the four mahārājas. He is the guardian of the southern direction and the lord of the kumbhāṇḍas.

Translation by Peter Alan Roberts
  • Virūḍhaka
  • འཕགས་སྐྱེས་པོ།
  • ’phags skyes po
  • Virūḍhaka
  • Viruḍhaka

One of the four mahārājas. He is the guardian of the southern direction and the lord of the kumbhāṇḍas.

Translation by Wiesiek Mical · Timothy Hinkle
  • Virūḍhaka
  • འཕགས་སྐྱེས་པོ།
  • ’phags skyes po
  • Virūḍhaka
  • Virūḍha

One of the Four Great Kings.

Translation by Gyurmé Avertin
  • Virūḍhaka
  • འཕགས་སྐྱེས་པོ།
  • ’phags skyes po
  • Virūḍhaka

One of the Four Great Kings, or guardians of the world, he presides over the southern quarter and rules over the preta kumbhāṇḍa spirits that live there.

Translation by Celso Wilkinson · Laura Goetz · L.S. Summer
  • Virūḍhaka
  • འཕགས་སྐྱེས་པོ།
  • ’phags skyes po
  • Virūḍhaka

One of the Four Great Kings (rgyal po chen po bzhi) ruling the four directions of the desire realm. Virūḍhaka rules the southern direction and the kumbhāṇḍas (grul bum) that reside there. In The Question of Mañjuśrī his image is the fifty-first of the eighty designs on the palms and soles of the Tathāgata.

Translation by Benjamin Collet-Cassart
  • Virūḍhaka
  • འཕགས་སྐྱེས་པོ།
  • ’phags skyes po
  • Virūḍhaka

One of the four great kings.

Translation by Karen Liljenberg · Ulrich Pagel
  • Virūḍhaka
  • འཕགས་སྐྱེས་པོ།
  • ’phags skyes po
  • Virūḍhaka

One of the Four Great Kings, the protector of the south.

Translation by Jampa Tenzin · Ngawang Tenzin · Christian Bernert · Julia C. Stenzel
  • Virūḍhaka
  • འཕགས་སྐྱེས་པོ།
  • ’phags skyes po
  • Virūḍhaka

One of the Four Great Kings, he presides over the southern quarter and rules over the kumbhāṇḍas.

Translation by Dr. Thomas Doctor · Timothy Hinkle · Benjamin Collet-Cassart
  • Virūḍhaka
  • འཕགས་སྐྱེ་པོ།
  • ’phags skye po
  • Virūḍhaka

One of the Four Great Kings, guardian of the south.

Translation by David Gitlen
  • Virūḍhaka
  • འཕགས་སྐྱེས་པོ།
  • ’phags skyes po
  • Virūḍhaka

“Noble Birth” (Tib.) or “Sprouting/Growing Forth,” (Skt.) guardian of the southern direction. Also the name of a king of Kosala during the lifetime of Śākyamuni Buddha.

Translation by Wiesiek Mical
  • Virūḍhaka
  • འཕགས་སྐྱེས་པོ།
  • ’phags skyes po
  • Virūḍha

The king of kumbhāṇḍas (one of the four great kings of the directions).

Translation by James Gentry
  • Virūḍhaka
  • འཕགས་སྐྱེས་པོ།
  • ’phags skyes po
  • Virūḍhaka

One of the “four great kings, guardians of the world,” he is held to dwell in the south, presiding over the preta kumbhāṇḍa spirits that live there.

Tantra Text Warning

Warning: Readers are reminded that according to Vajrayāna Buddhist tradition there are restrictions and commitments concerning tantra. Practitioners who are not sure if they should read this translation are advised to consult the authorities of their lineage. The responsibility for reading this text or sharing it with others who may or may not fulfill the requirements lies in the hands of readers.

Translation by Wiesiek Mical · Anna Zilman · Andreas Doctor
  • Virūḍhaka
  • འཕགས་སྐྱེས་པོ།
  • འཕགས་སྐྱེས།
  • ’phags skyes po
  • ’phags skyes
  • Virūḍhaka

One of the Four Great Kings.

Translation by Adam Krug
  • Virūḍhaka
  • འཕགས་སྐྱེས།
  • ’phags skyes
  • Virūḍhaka

One of the great kings of the four cardinal directions, Virūḍhaka guards the southern quarter of the heavens.