84000 Glossary of Terms

Our trilingual glossary combining entries from all of our publications into one useful resource, giving translations and definitions of thousands of terms, people, places, and texts from the Buddhist canon.

མུ་སྟེགས་པ། | Glossary of Terms

  • གཞན་མུ་སྟེགས་ཅན།

  • མུ་སྟེགས་ཅན།
  • མུ་སྟེགས་པ།
  • མུ་སྟེགས་ལྡན་པ།
  • མུ་སྟེགས།
  • mu stegs pa
  • mu stegs can
  • mu stegs
  • mu stegs ldan pa
  • gzhan mu stegs can
  • tīrthika
  • tīrthya
  • anyatīrthika
  • Term
Publications: 34

Those of other religious or philosophical orders, contemporary with the early Buddhist order, including Jains, Jaṭilas, Ājīvikas, and Cārvākas. Tīrthika (“forder”) literally translates as “one belonging to or associated with (possessive suffix –ika) stairs for landing or for descent into a river,” or “a bathing place,” or “a place of pilgrimage on the banks of sacred streams” (Monier-Williams). The term may have originally referred to temple priests at river crossings or fords where travelers propitiated a deity before crossing. The Sanskrit term seems to have undergone metonymic transfer in referring to those able to ford the turbulent river of saṃsāra (as in the Jain tīrthaṅkaras, “ford makers”), and it came to be used in Buddhist sources to refer to teachers of rival religious traditions. The Sanskrit term is closely rendered by the Tibetan mu stegs pa: “those on the steps (stegs pa) at the edge (mu).”