84000 Glossary of Terms

Our trilingual glossary combining entries from all of our publications into one useful resource, giving translations and definitions of thousands of terms, people, places, and texts from the Buddhist canon.

མཉན་ཡོད། | Glossary of Terms

    མཉན་ཡོད།

    mnyan yod

    Śrāvastī

  • Place
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Publications: 45
Translation by Robert Miller
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་ཡོད།
  • mnyan yod
  • Śrāvastī

During the life of the Buddha, Śrāvastī was a major city in the kingdom of Kosala, in present day Uttar Pradesh.

Translation by Fumi Yao
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་ཡོད།
  • mnyan yod
  • Śrāvastī

The capital of Kosala, where the Buddha stayed many times.

Translation by Peter Alan Roberts
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་དུ་ཡོད་པ།
  • mnyan du yod pa
  • Śrāvastī

Śrāvastī (Pali: Sāvatthi) was the capital of the kingdom of Kosala in the Ganges plains to the west of Magadha and was incorporated into Magadha in the fourth century ʙᴄᴇ. The area is now the Awadh or Oudh region of Uttar Pradesh. The Buddha Śākyamuni spent twenty-four monsoon retreats there at Jetavana. Also translated as mnyan yod.

Translation by Thomas Doctor
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་ཡོད།
  • mnyan yod
  • Śrāvastī

Ancient city of northern India.

Translation by Klaus-Dieter Mathes · Julika Weber · Katrin Querl · Konstantin Brockhausen · Susanne Fleischmann · Daniel Gratzer · Georgi Krastev · Jamie Gordon Creek
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་ཡོད།
  • mnyan yod
  • Śrāvastī

The place where the Buddha stayed during the rainy season.

Translation by Jake Nagasawa · ErdeneBaatar Erdene-Ochir · Jaakko Takkinen
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་ཡོད།
  • mnyan yod
  • Śrāvastī

Capital city of Kośala and one of the major cities in India at the time of the Buddha.

Translation by Jed Forman · ErdeneBaatar Erdene-Ochir · Michael Ium
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་ཡོད།
  • mnyan yod
  • Śrāvastī

Capital city of the kingdom of Kośala, ruled by one of the Buddha’s royal patrons, King Prasenajit, where the Buddha often dwelt in the Jetavana grove, the site of many Mahāyāna sūtras.

Translation by James B. Apple · Shinobu Arai Apple
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་ཡོད།
  • mnyan yod
  • Śrāvastī

The capital of the ancient Indian kingdom of Kośala during the sixth–fifth centuries ʙᴄᴇ ruled by one of the Buddha’s royal patrons, King Prasenajit. It was the setting for many sūtras as the Buddha spent many rains retreats outside the city, in Prince Jeta’s Grove. It has been identified with the present-day Sahet Mahet in Uttar Pradesh on the banks of the river Rapti.

Translation by Maurizio Pontiggia
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་ཡོད།
  • mnyan yod
  • śrāvastī
  • 舍衛國

The capital city of Kośala, where the Buddha spent many rainy seasons.

Translation by Catherine Dalton · Heidi Koppl · James Gentry · Cortland Dahl · Hilary Herdman · Andreas Doctor
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་ཡོད།
  • mnyan yod
  • Śrāvastī
Translation by Benjamin Ewing
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་ཡོད།
  • mnyan yod
  • Śrāvastī

The ancient Indian kingdom of Kosala.

Translation by Andreas Doctor · Zachary Beer · Thomas Doctor
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་ཡོད།
  • mnyan yod
  • śrāvastī

Capital city of the kingdom of Kosala, ruled by one of the Buddha’s royal patrons, King Prasenajit, where the Buddha often dwelt in the Jeta Grove, site of many Mahāyāna sūtras.

Translation by Dr. Thomas Doctor · James Gentry
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་ཡོད།
  • mnyan yod
  • Śrāvastī

The capital of the ancient Kosala kingdom in India.

Translation by Tulku Sherdor · Virginia Blum
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་ཡོད།
  • mnyan yod
  • Śrāvastī

Capital city of the Kośala state, ruled by one of the Buddha’s royal patrons, King Prasenajit. One of the six largest cities in India during the time of the Buddha.

Translation by Julia Stenzel · Ngawang Rinchen Gyaltsen · Tsewang Gyaltsen
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་ཡོད།
  • mnyan yod
  • Śrāvastī

The capital city of Kosala where Buddha lived in the later years of his life.

Translation by Peter Alan Roberts
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་དུ་ཡོད་པ།
  • mnyan du yod pa
  • Śrāvastī

The capital of Kośala, a kingdom in what is now Uttar Pradesh, where Buddha Śākyamuni spent most of his life. There are differing explanations for the name, including that it was founded by King Śrāvasta or that it was named after a rishi, Sāvattha, who lived there.

Translation by Timothy Hinkle · Ryan Damron · Dr. Andreas Doctor
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་ཡོད།
  • mnyan yod
  • Śrāvastī

Ancient city of northern India.

Translation by Khenpo Konchok Tamphel
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་ཡོད།
  • mnyan yod
  • Śrāvastī

The capital of the ancient Indian kingdom of Kośala, where the Buddha spent many summers and gave numerous teachings. The city was ruled by King Prasenajit, who makes frequent appearances in the sūtras. It is also the site of the Jeta Grove, which was gifted to the Buddha by his patron Anāthapiṇḍada.

Translation by Celso Wilkinson · Laura Goetz · L.S. Summer
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་དུ་ཡོད་པ།
  • mnyan du yod pa
  • Śrāvastī

A city of ancient India in present-day Uttar Pradesh. It was the capital of the kingdom of Kosala.

Translation by Robert A. F. Thurman
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་ཡོད།
  • mnyan yod
  • Śrāvastī

Capital city of the kingdom of Kosala, ruled by one of the Buddha’s royal patrons, king Prasenajit, where the Buddha often dwelt in the Jetavana grove, site of many Mahāyāna sūtras.

Translation by Celso Wilkinson · Laura Goetz · L.S. Summer
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་ཡོད།
  • mnyan yod
  • Śrāvastī

The capital of the ancient Indian kingdom of Kośala, where the Buddha spent many summers and gave numerous teachings. The city was ruled by King Prasenajit, who makes frequent appearances in the sūtras. It is also the site of the Jeta Grove, which was gifted to the Buddha by his patron Anāthapiṇḍada.

Translation by Andreas Doctor · Zachary Beer
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་ཡོད།
  • mnyan yod
  • Śrāvastī

The capital of the ancient Indian kingdom of Kośala, and the setting for many sūtras, as the Buddha spent most rainy seasons in a park outside the city called the Jeta Grove. The city has been identified with the present-day Sāhet Māhet in Uttar Pradesh on the banks of the river Rapti.

Translation by Chodrungma Kunga Chodron
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་ཡོད།
  • mnyan yod
  • Śrāvastī

The capital of the ancient Indian kingdom of Kośala, and the setting for many sūtras, as the Buddha spent most rainy seasons outside the city. It has been identified with the present-day Sāhet Māhet in Uttar Pradesh on the banks of the river Rapti.

Translation by James B. Apple
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་ཡོད།
  • mnyan yod
  • Śrāvastī
Translation by Benjamin Collet-Cassart
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་དུ་ཡོད་པ།
  • mnyan du yod pa
  • Śrāvastī

The capital of the ancient Indian kingdom of Kośala during the sixth–fifth centuries ʙᴄᴇ ruled by one of the Buddha’s royal patrons, King Prasenajit. It was the setting for many sūtras as the Buddha spent many rains retreats outside the city, in the Jeta Grove. It has been identified with the present-day Sahet Mahet in Uttar Pradesh on the banks of the river Rapti.

Translation by Lowell Cook
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་ཡོད།
  • མཉན་ཡོད་ཀྱི་ཡུལ།
  • mnyan yod
  • mnyan yod kyi yul
  • Śrāvastī
  • 舍衛國

The capital of the ancient Kosala kingdom in India.

Translation by Annie Bien
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་ཡོད།
  • mnyan yod
  • Śrāvastī

Capital city of the Kośala state, ruled by one of the Buddha’s royal patrons, King Prasenajit. One of the six largest cities in India during the time of the Buddha.

Translation by Benjamin Collet-Cassart
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་ཡོད།
  • mnyan yod
  • Śrāvastī

During the life of the Buddha, Śrāvastī was a major city in the kingdom of Kosala, in present day Uttar Pradesh.

Translation by Yanneke Josephus Jitta
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་ཡོད།
  • mnyan yod
  • Śrāvastī

The capital of the ancient Kosala kingdom in northern India during the sixth and fifth centuries ʙᴄᴇ.

Translation by Timothy Hinkle · Anna Zilman · Lama Tenzin Sangpo
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་ཡོད།
  • mnyan yod
  • Śrāvastī

The capital of the ancient Kosala kingdom in India during the sixth–fifth centuries ʙᴄᴇ.

Translation by Adam Krug
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་ཡོད།
  • mnyan yod
  • Śrāvastī

The capital of the ancient Kosala kingdom in India.

Translation by Annie Bien
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་ཡོད།
  • mnyan yod
  • Śrāvastī

Capital city of the Kośala state, ruled by one of the Buddha’s royal patrons, King Prasenajit. One of the six largest cities in India during the time of the Buddha.

Translation by Celso Wilkinson · Laura Goetz
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་དུ་ཡོད་པ།
  • mnyan du yod pa
  • Śrāvastī

The capital of the ancient Indian kingdom of Kośala, where the Buddha spent many summers and gave numerous teachings. The city was ruled by King Prasenajit, who makes frequent appearances in the sūtras. It is also the site of Prince Jeta’s Grove, which was gifted to the Buddha by his patron Anāthapiṇḍada.

Translation by Bruno Galasek-Hul
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་ཡོད།
  • mnyan yod
  • Śrāvastī

The capital town of the ancient Indian kingdom of Kośala. It has been identified with present-day Sāhet Māhet in Uttar Pradesh on the banks of the Rapti (cp. DPPN, s.v. Sāvatthi: the majority of the suttas in the Pāli canon mention Sāvatthi as the place where the Buddha gave sermons).

Translation by Ryan Conlon
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་དུ་ཡོད་པ།
  • མཉན་ཡོད།
  • mnyan du yod pa
  • mnyan yod
  • Śrāvastī

The capital of the ancient Indian kingdom of Kośala during the sixth–fifth centuries ʙᴄᴇ ruled by one of the Buddha’s royal patrons, King Prasenajit. It was the setting for many sūtras as the Buddha spent many rains retreats outside the city, in Prince Jeta’s Grove. It has been identified with the present-day Sahet Mahet in Uttar Pradesh on the banks of the river Rapti.

Translation by Chodrungma Kunga Chodron
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་དུ་ཡོད་པ།
  • mnyan du yod pa
  • Śrāvastī

The capital of the ancient Indian kingdom of Kośala, and the setting for many sūtras, as the Buddha spent most rainy seasons outside the city. It has been identified with the present-day Sāhet Māhet in Uttar Pradesh on the banks of the river Rapti.

Translation by Mattia Salvini
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་ཡོད།
  • mnyan yod
  • Śrāvastī

A city of ancient India, in what is now Uttar Pradesh. The name Śrāvastī is explained as being derived from the name of a sage, Śravasta, who used to live in that area (this explanation is found in the commentary Nibandhana, Samtani 1971, p. 77, and is also found in the ṭīkā on Distinctly Ascertaining the Meanings found in the Tengyur, where, however, the name of the sage is transliterated as Śravasti). Pāli sources offer three explanations for the term: one is the one just mentioned, that Sāvatthī is derived from Savattha, just like other city names (Kākandī, Mākandī, Kosambī); alternatively, it is so called because “everything is there” in terms of possible objects of enjoyment for humans; and lastly the name refers to the reply, “there is everything,” that the Buddha offered when asked about what kind of shops were there (sāvatthīti savatthassa isino nivāsaṭṭhānabhūtā nagarī yathā kākandī mākandī kosambīti evaṃ tāva akkharacintakā | aṭṭhakathācariyā pana bhaṇanti yaṃkiñci manussānaṃ upabhogaparibhogaṃ sabbamettha atthīti sāvatthī | satthasamāyoge ca kiṃ bhaṇḍam atthīti pucchite sabbamatthīti vacanam upādāya sāvatthī | Aṭṭhakathā on the Sabbāsava­sutta of the Majjhima­nikāya, Mūlapaṇṇāsa). The Tibetan translation as mnyan yod seems to derive the first part of the name from the root śru (“to hear”) and the second part as “there is” (asti); this derivation seems to be implied in one of the explanations of the Artha­viniścaya­ṭīkā.

Translation by Krisztina Teleki
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་ཡོད།
  • mnyan yod
  • Śrāvastī

The capital of the ancient Indian kingdom of Kośala during the sixth–fifth centuries ʙᴄᴇ, which was ruled by one of the Buddha’s royal patrons, King Prasenajit. It was the setting for many sūtras, as the Buddha spent many rains retreats outside the city in the Jeta Grove. It has been identified with present-day Sahet Mahet in Uttar Pradesh on the banks of the river Rapti.

Translation by Bruno Galasek-Hul
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་དུ་ཡོད་པ།
  • mnyan du yod pa
  • Śrāvastī

The capital of the ancient Indian kingdom of Kośala, and the setting for many sūtras as the Buddha spent many rains retreats outside the city. It has been identified with the present-day Sāhet Māhet in Uttar Pradesh on the banks of the river Rapti.

Translation by Thomas Cruijsen
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་ཡོད།
  • mnyan yod
  • Śrāvastī

The capital city of the kingdom of Kośala which was ruled over by King Prasenajit, one of the Buddha’s devoted patron kings. It is located on the banks of the Rāpti river in northern India, not far west from Kapilavastu and Lumbinī. The Buddha spent many rainy-season retreats there, especially in the later years of his life.

Translation by Ruth Gamble · Tenzin Ringpapontsang
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་དུ་ཡོད་པ།
  • mnyan du yod pa
  • Śrāvastī

The capital of Kośala, a kingdom in ancient India where the Buddha lived.

Translation by Wiesiek Mical
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་ཡོད།
  • mnyan yod
  • Śravastī

The capital of the ancient kingdom of Kośala, where the Buddha used to spend the rainy season.

Translation by James Gentry
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་ཡོད།
  • mnyan yod
  • śrāvastī
Translation by Peter Alan Roberts
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་དུ་ཡོད་པ།
  • mnyan du yod pa
  • Śrāvastī

The capital of the kingdom of Kośala, where the Buddha spent many monsoon retreats.

Translation by Peter Alan Roberts
  • Śrāvastī
  • མཉན་དུ་ཡོད་པ།
  • mnyan du yod pa
  • Śrāvastī

The capital of the kingdom of Kośala, where the Buddha spent many monsoon retreats.