84000 Glossary of Terms

Our trilingual glossary combining entries from all of our publications into one useful resource, giving translations and definitions of thousands of terms, people, places, and texts from the Buddhist canon.

ཀུན་དགའ་བོ། | Glossary of Terms

    ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།

    kun dga’ bo

    Ānanda

  • Person
  • Note: this data is still being sorted
Publications: 68

A major śrāvaka disciple and personal attendant of the Buddha Śākyamuni during the last twenty-five years of his life. He was a cousin of the Buddha (according to the Mahāvastu, he was a son of Śuklodana, one of the brothers of King Śuddhodana, which means he was a brother of Devadatta; other sources say he was a son of Amṛtodana, another brother of King Śuddhodana, which means he would have been a brother of Aniruddha).

Ānanda, having always been in the Buddha’s presence, is said to have memorized all the teachings he heard and is celebrated for having recited all the Buddha’s teachings by memory at the first council of the Buddhist saṅgha, thus preserving the teachings after the Buddha’s parinirvāṇa. The phrase “Thus did I hear at one time,” found at the beginning of the sūtras, usually stands for his recitation of the teachings. He became a patriarch after the passing of Mahākāśyapa.

Translation by Robert Miller
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ།
  • kun dga’
  • Ānanda

The Buddha’s nephew and attendant who recited the Buddha’s sūtra discourses from memory after the Buddha passed.

Translation by Fumi Yao
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

(1) A disciple of the Buddha. (2) A disciple of a former Buddha. (3) A disciple of a future Buddha. (4) A king in the past.

Translation by Gyurme Dorje
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

Disciple and attendant of Buddha Śākyamuni.

Translation by Zachary Beer
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

The Buddha Śākyamuni’s cousin, who was his attendant for the last twenty years of his life.

Translation by Thomas Doctor
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

The buddha’s cousin and principal attendant.

Translation by Benjamin Collet-Cassart
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ།
  • kun dga’
  • Ānanda
  • 阿難, 阿難陀
Translation by Timothy Hinkle
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

The Buddha’s cousin and principal attendant, who is said to have memorized the sūtras.

Translation by Benjamin Collet-Cassart · Nika Jovic
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda
  • 阿難

The Buddha’s cousin and principal attendant.

Translation by Tulku Sherdor · Virginia Blum
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

The Buddha’s cousin and principal attendant.

Translation by Jed Forman · ErdeneBaatar Erdene-Ochir · Michael Ium
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

The Buddha’s cousin and longtime attendant.

Translation by James B. Apple · Shinobu Arai Apple
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

The Buddha Śākyamuni’s cousin, who was his attendant for the last twenty years of his life. He was the subject of criticism and opposition from the monastic community after the Buddha’s passing but eventually succeeded to the position of the patriarch of Buddhism in India after the passing of the first patriarch, Mahākaśyapa.

Translation by Dr Karen Liljenberg · Dr Ulrich Pagel
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda
Translation by Dr. Karen Liljenberg
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

The cousin and close attendant monk of the Buddha.

Translation by Catherine Dalton · Heidi Koppl · James Gentry · Cortland Dahl · Hilary Herdman · Andreas Doctor
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda
Translation by Jens Erland Braarvig
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

The Buddha’s cousin and principal attendant.

Translation by Andreas Doctor · Zachary Beer · Thomas Doctor
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

The Buddha’s cousin and principal attendant.

Translation by Dr. Thomas Doctor · James Gentry
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

One of the Buddha’s foremost hearer disciples.

Translation by Tulku Sherdor · Virginia Blum
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

Personal attendant and cousin of the Buddha. One of the ten close śrāvaka disciples.

Translation by Peter Alan Roberts
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

Buddha Sākyamuni’s cousin, who was his attendant for the last twenty years of his life. He was the subject of criticism and opposition from the monastic community after the Buddha’s passing, but eventually succeeded to the position of the patriarch of Buddhism in India after the passing of the first patriarch, Mahākāśyapa.

Translation by Benjamin Collet-Cassart
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

The Buddha’s cousin and principal attendant.

Translation by Julia Stenzel · Ngawang Rinchen Gyaltsen · Tsewang Gyaltsen
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

Śrāvaka arhat, the Buddha’s cousin and principal attendant.

Translation by Miguel Sawaya · Luke Hanley
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

The Buddha’s cousin and principal attendant.

Translation by Chodrungma Kunga Chodro
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

The Buddha’s cousin and principal attendant, who is said to have memorized the sūtras.

Translation by Peter Alan Roberts
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

Buddha Śākyamuni’s cousin, who was his attendant for the last twenty years of his life. He was the subject of criticism and opposition from the monastic community after the Buddha’s passing, but eventually succeeded to the position of the patriarch of Buddhism in India after the passing of the first patriarch, Mahākaśyapa.

Translation by Zachary Beer
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

One of the Buddha’s primary followers, compiler of the sūtras.

Translation by Dr. Andreas Doctor
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

Attendant of the Buddha and the one who is said to have memorized the sūtras.

Translation by David Jackson
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda
Translation by Timothy Hinkle · Ryan Damron · Dr. Andreas Doctor
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

The buddha’s cousin and principal attendant.

Translation by Timothy Hinkle
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

The Buddha’s cousin and principal attendant.

Translation by Timothy Hinkle
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

The Buddha’s cousin and principal attendant.

Translation by Benjamin Collet-Cassart
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

The Buddha’s cousin and principal attendant.

Translation by Gyurmé Avertin
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

Buddha Śākyamuni’s cousin, who was his attendant for the last twenty years of his life.

Translation by Timothy Hinkle
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ།
  • kun dga’
  • Ānanda

The Buddha’s cousin and attendant who recited the Buddha’s sūtra discourses from memory after the Buddha passed.

Translation by Ani Jinpa Palmo
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

Attendant of the Buddha and the one who is said to have memorized the sūtras.

Translation by Venerable Jampa Losal · YangDol Tsatultsang
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

The personal attendant and cousin of the Buddha.

Translation by Timothy Hinkle
  • Ānanda
  • དགའ་བོ།
  • dga’ bo
  • Ānanda
  • 阿難
Translation by Jens Braarvig
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

The Buddha’s cousin and personal attendant for most of his life.

Translation by Robert A. F. Thurman
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

A major śrāvaka disciple of the Buddha; his personal attendant. See also UT22084-060-005-950 and UT22084-060-005-1055.

Translation by Miguel Sawaya · Andreas Doctor
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

The buddha’s cousin and principal attendant.

Translation by Timothy Hinkle
  • Ānanda
  • དགའ་བོ།
  • dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

The Buddha’s cousin and principal attendant.

Translation by Andreas Doctor · Zachary Beer
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

The Buddha’s cousin and principal attendant.

Translation by Benjamin Collet-Cassart
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

The Buddha’s cousin and principal attendant.

Translation by Anna Zilman · Adam Krug
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

The name of the Buddha’s close attendant and disciple.

Translation by Dr. Karen Liljenberg · Dr. Ulrich Pagel
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

The Buddha’s cousin and principal attendant who is said to have memorized the sūtras.

Translation by Miguel Sawaya
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

The Buddha’s cousin and principal attendant.

Translation by Rebecca Hufen · Shanshan Jia · Jason Sanche
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

Name of a first cousin, close student, and attendant of the Buddha.

Translation by Benjamin Collet-Cassart
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

The Buddha’s cousin and principal attendant.

Translation by Lowell Cook
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda
  • 阿難

The Buddha’s cousin and attendant, and one of his closest disciples.

Translation by Zachary Beer
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

The Buddha’s cousin and principal attendant.

Translation by Gregory Forgues · Dennis Johnson · Khenpo Konchok Tamphel
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

A monk of the Buddha’s order, brother of Devadatta, who for twenty-five years served as the Buddha’s personal attendant. Second in the apostolic succession that carried on the Buddha’s teachings after his parinirvāṇa.

Translation by Karen Liljenberg · Ulrich Pagel
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

The Buddha’s cousin and attendant, who recited the Buddha’s discourses from memory after the Buddha passed away.

Translation by Ina Bieler
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

Śrāvaka arhat and attendant of the Buddha.

Translation by Benjamin Collet-Cassart
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

The personal attendant and cousin of the Buddha, who compiled the sūtras.

Translation by Thomas Doctor
  • Ā­nanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ā­nanda

A great hearer disciple and principal attendant of the Buddha.

Translation by Chloé Cramer · Ben Ewing · Lowell Cook · Oriane Lavole
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

Attendant of the Buddha and the one who is said to have memorized the sūtras.

Translation by Adam Krug
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

The Buddha’s cousin and principal attendant.

Translation by Annie Bien
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

The Buddha Śākyamuni’s cousin, who was his attendant for the last twenty years of his life. He was the subject of criticism and opposition from the monastic community after the Buddha’s passing but eventually succeeded to the position of the patriarch of Buddhism in India after the passing of the first patriarch, Mahākāśyapa.

Translation by Dr. Thomas Doctor · Timothy Hinkle · Benjamin Collet-Cassart
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

Attendant of the Buddha and the one who is said to have memorized the sūtras.

Translation by Christian Bernert · Khenpo Ngawang Jorden
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

The Buddha’s cousin and attendant.

Translation by Sonam Tsering Ngulphu · Norzin Dolma
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

The Buddha’s cousin and principal attendant.

Translation by Zsuzsa Majer · Krisztina Teleki
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

Ānanda, the cousin of Siddhārtha Gautama (the Buddha Śākyamuni). The Buddha’s personal attendant, one of his closest disciples, and also the person who, according to tradition, preserved the oral transmission of the sūtras.

Translation by Benjamin Ewing · Lowell Cook
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ།
  • kun dga’
  • Ānanda
Translation by Adam Krug
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • ānanda

The Buddha Śākyamuni's attendant who is celebrated for having recited all the Buddha's teachings by memory at the first council of the Buddhist saṅgha, thus preserving the Buddha’s teachings after his parinirvāṇa.

Translation by Adam Krug
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • ānanda

The Buddha Śākyamuni’s attendant who is celebrated for having recited all the Buddha’s teachings by memory at the first council of the Buddhist saṅgha, thus preserving the Buddha’s teachings after his parinirvāṇa.

Translation by Wiesiek Mical
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

One of the śrāvakas attending the delivery of the MMK; one of the eight great śrāvakas.

Translation by James Gentry
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda
Translation by James Gentry
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda
Translation by James Gentry
  • Ānanda
  • ཀུན་དགའ་བོ།
  • kun dga’ bo
  • Ānanda

Close disciple and attendant of the Buddha.