84000 Glossary of Terms

Our trilingual glossary combining entries from all of our publications into one useful resource, giving translations and definitions of thousands of terms, people, places, and texts from the Buddhist canon.

མི་འཁྲུགས་པ། | Glossary of Terms

    མི་འཁྲུགས་པ།

    mi ’khrugs pa

    Akṣobhya

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Publications: 26

Lit. “Not Disturbed” or “Immovable One.” The buddha in the eastern realm of Abhirati. A well-known buddha in early Mahāyāna, regarded in the higher tantras as the head of one of the five buddha families, the vajra family in the east.

Translation by Gyurme Dorje
  • A­kṣobhya
  • མི་འཁྲུགས་པ།
  • mi ’khrugs pa
  • A­kṣobhya

Name of a buddha.

Translation by Peter Alan Roberts
  • Akṣobhya
  • མི་སྒུལ་བ།
  • mi sgul ba
  • Akṣobhya

The buddha in the eastern realm of Abhiratī. The translation of his name in this sūtra differs from the usual translations, which are either mi ’khrugs pa, mi skyod pa, or mi bskyod pa. In the higher tantras he is the head of one the five buddha families, the vajra family, in the east, and he was also well known early in the Mahāyāna sūtra tradition.

Translation by Zachary Beer
  • Akṣobhya
  • མི་འཁྲུགས་པ།
  • mi ’khrugs pa
  • Akṣobhya

A buddha who dwells in a celestial realm in the East.

Translation by Klaus-Dieter Mathes · Julika Weber · Katrin Querl · Konstantin Brockhausen · Susanne Fleischmann · Daniel Gratzer · Georgi Krastev · Jamie Gordon Creek
  • Akṣobhya
  • མི་འཁྲུག་པ།
  • mi ’khrug pa
  • Akṣobhya

Name of a Buddha dwelling in an eastern region.

Translation by Jed Forman · ErdeneBaatar Erdene-Ochir · Michael Ium
  • Akṣobhya
  • མི་འཁྲུགས།
  • mi ’khrugs
  • Akṣobhya

In Sanskrit, “Immovable,” the name of a tathāgata. In Surata’s next life, he returns to Abhirati, the realm of Akṣobhya.

Translation by Dr. Thomas Doctor · James Gentry
  • Akṣobhya
  • མི་འཁྲུགས་པ།
  • mi ’khrugs pa
  • Akṣobhya

A buddha.

Translation by Tulku Sherdor · Virginia Blum
  • Akṣobhya
  • མི་འཁྲུགས་པ།
  • mi ’khrugs pa
  • Akṣobhya

The buddha in the eastern realm, Abhirati. Akṣobhya, who in the higher tantras is the head of one the five buddha families, the vajra family in the east, was well known early in the Mahāyāna tradition.

Translation by Lowell Cook
  • Akṣobhya
  • མི་འཁྲུགས་པ།
  • mi ’khrugs pa
  • Akṣobhya

The buddha in the eastern realm, Abhirati. Akṣobhya (Unshakable) was well known early in the Mahāyāna tradition.

Translation by Peter Alan Roberts
  • Akṣobhya
  • མི་འཁྲུགས་པ།
  • mi ’khrugs pa
  • Akṣobhya

The buddha in the eastern realm of Abhirati. A well-known buddha in early Mahāyāna who became the head of one of the five buddha families, the eastern vajra family, in the higher tantras.

Translation by Benjamin Collet-Cassart
  • Akṣobhya
  • མི་འཁྲུགས་པ།
  • mi ’khrugs pa
  • Akṣobhya

The head of one of the five tathāgata families.

Translation by Julia Stenzel · Ngawang Rinchen Gyaltsen · Tsewang Gyaltsen
  • Akṣobhya
  • མི་འཁྲུགས་པ།
  • mi ’khrugs pa
  • Akṣobhya

Name of a tathāgata.

Translation by Peter Alan Roberts
  • Akṣobhya
  • མི་འཁྲུགས་པ།
  • mi ’khrugs pa
  • Akṣobhya

The buddha in the eastern realm, Abhirati. Akṣobhya, who in the higher tantras is the head of one the five buddha families, the vajra family in the east, was well-known early in the Mahāyāna tradition.

Translation by Wiesiek Mical · Timothy Hinkle
  • Akṣobhya
  • མི་འཁྲུགས་པ།
  • mi ’khrugs pa
  • Akṣobhya

In the Ratnaketudhāraṇī, he is one of the six “directional” tathāgatas.

Translation by Timothy Hinkle
  • Akṣobhya
  • མི་འཁྲུགས་པ།
  • mi ’khrugs pa
  • Akṣobhya

A buddha.

Translation by Timothy Hinkle
  • Akṣobhya
  • མི་བསྐྱོད་པ།
  • mi bskyod pa
  • Akṣobhya

One of the five tathāgatas.

Translation by Robert A. F. Thurman
  • Akṣobhya
  • མི་འཁྲུགས་པ།
  • mi ’khrugs pa
  • Akṣobhya

Buddha of the universe Abhirati, presiding over the eastern direction; also prominent in tantric works as one of the five dhyāni buddhas, or tathāgatas (see Lamotte, pp. 360-362, n. 9).

Translation by Timothy Hinkle
  • Akṣobhya
  • མི་སྒུལ་བ།
  • mi sgul ba
  • Akṣobhya

The name of a buddha.

Translation by Gregory Forgues · Rolf Scheuermann
  • Akṣobhya
  • མི་འཁྲུགས་པ།
  • mi ’khrugs pa
  • akṣobhya

“Unmovable One.”

Translation by Miguel Sawaya
  • Akṣobhya
  • མི་འཁྲུགས་པ།
  • mi ’khrugs pa
  • Akṣobhya

The buddha in the realm of Manifest Joy.

Translation by Ana Cristina Lopes
  • Akṣobhya
  • མི་འཁྲུགས་པ།
  • mi ’khrugs pa
  • Akṣobhya

Name of the thus-gone one of the world system Delightful.

Translation by Reverend Dr. Chodrung-ma Kunga Chodron
  • Akṣobhya
  • མི་བསྐྱོད་པ།
  • mi bskyod pa
  • Akṣobhya

A buddha of the east.

Translation by Laura Dainty
  • Akṣobhya
  • མི་འཁྲུགས་པ།
  • mi ’khrugs pa
  • Akṣobhya

One of the five tathāgatas.

Tantra Text Warning

Warning: Readers are reminded that according to Vajrayāna Buddhist tradition there are restrictions and commitments concerning tantra. Practitioners who are not sure if they should read this translation are advised to consult the authorities of their lineage. The responsibility for reading this text or sharing it with others who may or may not fulfill the requirements lies in the hands of readers.

Translation by James Gentry
  • Akṣobhya
  • མི་བསྐྱོད་པ།
  • mi bskyod pa
  • Akṣobhya
Tantra Text Warning

Warning: Readers are reminded that according to Vajrayāna Buddhist tradition there are restrictions and commitments concerning tantra. Practitioners who are not sure if they should read this translation are advised to consult the authorities of their lineage. The responsibility for reading this text or sharing it with others who may or may not fulfill the requirements lies in the hands of readers.

Translation by Wiesiek Mical
  • Akṣobhya
  • མི་བསྐྱོད་པ།
  • mi bskyod pa
  • Akṣobhya

One of the five buddhas; in the system followed in the CMT, he is at the center of the maṇḍala.

Translation by James Gentry
  • Akṣobhya
  • མི་འཁྲུགས་པ།
  • mi ’khrugs pa
  • Akṣobhya
Tantra Text Warning

Warning: Readers are reminded that according to Vajrayāna Buddhist tradition there are restrictions and commitments concerning tantra. Practitioners who are not sure if they should read this translation are advised to consult the authorities of their lineage. The responsibility for reading this text or sharing it with others who may or may not fulfill the requirements lies in the hands of readers.

Translation by Wiesiek Mical · Anna Zilman · Andreas Doctor
  • Akṣobhya
  • མི་འཁྲུགས་པ།
  • mi ’khrugs pa
  • Akṣobhya

The tathāgata who dwells in the eastern realm of Abhirati.