84000 Glossary of Terms

Our trilingual glossary combining entries from all of our publications into one useful resource, giving translations and definitions of thousands of terms, people, places, and texts from the Buddhist canon.

གླིང་བཞི། | Glossary of Terms

    གླིང་བཞི།

    gling bzhi

    catur­dvīpa

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Publications: 6
Translation by Gareth Sparham
  • Four continents
  • གླིང་བཞི།
  • gling bzhi
  • caturdvīpa

The four continents surrounding Mount Meru that make up a world system.

Translation by Gyurme Dorje
  • Four continents
  • གླིང་བཞི།
  • gling bzhi
  • catur­dvīpa

According to traditional Indian cosmology, our human world of “patient endurance” (sahālokadhātu, mi mjed ’jig rten gyi khams) is said to comprise four continents, namely, Pūrva­videha in the east, Jambu­dvīpa in the south, Apara­godānīya in the west, and Uttarakuru in the north. See also UT22084-031-002-1116.

Translation by Klaus-Dieter Mathes · Julika Weber · Katrin Querl · Konstantin Brockhausen · Susanne Fleischmann · Daniel Gratzer · Georgi Krastev · Jamie Gordon Creek
  • Four continents
  • གླིང་བཞི།
  • gling bzhi
  • dvīpacatur
  • dvīpa

According to traditional Indian cosmology, our human world of “patient endurance” (Skt. sahālokadhātu, Tib. mi mjed ’jig rten gyi khams) is said to comprise four continents, namely, Pūrvavideha in the east, Jambudvīpa in the south, Aparagodānīya in the west, and Uttarakuru in the north.

Translation by Dr. Anne Burchardi · Tulku Dakpa Rinpoche · Dr. Ulrich Pagel
  • Four continents
  • གླིང་བཞི་པ།
  • gling bzhi pa
  • caturdvipaka

The four continents surrounding Mount Meru that make up a world system.

Translation by Celso Wilkinson · Laura Goetz · L.S. Summer
  • Four continents
  • གླིང་བཞི།
  • gling bzhi
  • caturdvīpa

According to Abhidharma cosmology, each world system has four continents surrounding a central Mount Meru: to the east, Videha (lus ’phags po, “superior body”); to the south, our continent of Jambudvīpa (’dzam bu gling, “Rose Apple Continent”); to the west, Apara­godānīya (ba glang spyod “Rich in Cattle”); and to the north, Uttarakuru (sgra mi snyan, “Unpleasant Sound”).

Translation by Miguel Sawaya
  • Four continents
  • གླིང་བཞི།
  • gling bzhi
  • caturdvīpa

According to traditional Indian cosmology, our own Sahā world system is said to comprise four continents, namely, Pūrvavideha in the east, Jambudvīpa in the south, Aparagodānīya in the west, and Uttarakuru in the north.